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          Institute: MPI für Kernphysik     Collection: Neutrino Physics     Display Documents

ID: 487029.0, MPI für Kernphysik / Neutrino Physics
Germanium detector studies in the framework of the GERDA experiment
Authors:Budjás, Dusan
Referees:Hampel, Wolfgang; Krätschmer, Wolfgang
Date of Approval (YYYY-MM-DD):2009-05-06
Name of University:Ruprecht-Karls-Universität
Place of University:Heidelberg
Physical Description
(e.g. Total Number of Pages):
97 S. : Ill. graph. Darst.
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:The GERmanium Detector Array (GERDA) is an ultra-low background experiment under construction at Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso. GERDA will search for Ge-76 neutrinoless double beta decay with an aim for 100-fold reduction in background compared to predecessor experiments. This ambition necessitates innovative design approaches, strict selection of low-radioactivity materials, and novel techniques for active background suppression. The core feature of GERDA is its array of germanium detectors for ionizing radiation, which are enriched in Ge-76. Germanium detectors are the central theme of this dissertation. The first part describes the implementation, testing, and optimisation of Monte Carlo simulations of germanium spectrometers, intensively involved in the selection of low-radioactivity materials. The simulations are essential for evaluations of the gamma ray measurements. The second part concerns the development and validation of an active background suppression technique based on germanium detector signal shape analysis. This was performed for the first time using a BEGe-type detector, which features a small read-out electrode. As a result of this work, BEGe is now one of the two detector technologies included in research and development for the second phase of the GERDA experiment. A suppression of major GERDA backgrounds is demonstrated, with (0.93 ± 0.08)% survival probability for events from Co-60, (21 ± 3)% for Ra-226, and (40 ± 2)% for Th-228. The acceptance of Th-228 double escape events, which are analogous to double beta decay, was kept at (89 ± 1)%.
Document Type:PhD-Thesis
Affiliations:MPI für Kernphysik/Group of M. Lindner
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