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          Institute: MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme     Collection: Physical and Chemical Foundations of Process Engineering     Display Documents



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ID: 518383.1, MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme / Physical and Chemical Foundations of Process Engineering
Thermal simulated moving bed concentrator
Authors:Lee, J. W.; Wankat, P. C.
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2011
Title of Journal:Chemical Engineering Journal
Volume:166
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:511
End Page:522
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:The separation obtained in a simulated moving bed (SMB), which was developed for the separation of binary mixtures, can be improved by gradient techniques such as a thermal gradient. Modifying the SMB process with thermal gradient to produce one product concentrated in solutes and another product that is almost pure solvent results in the thermal SMB concentrator. This concentrator can continuously and efficiently concentrate dilute liquid systems with no addition of desorbent. Thermal SMB concentrators with two, three, and four zones are developed and a design method based on triangle theory is introduced to determine the operating conditions for maximum enrichment. The enriched concentration increases as the number of zones increases. Detailed Aspen Chromatography simulations including mass transfer resistances and axial dispersion were done for concentration of salicylic acid in water. The thermal energy consumed in this process was as low as 3% of thermal energy of an equivalent single-stage evaporator.

© 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
[accessed December 1st]
Free Keywords:Thermal gradient; Simulated moving bed; Liquid concentration; Langmuir adsorption; Salicylic acid
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Andreas Seidel-Morgenstern
Affiliations:MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme/Physical and Chemical Foundations of Process Engineering
External Affiliations:Purdue University,
School of Chemical Engineering,
480 Stadium Mall Dr., West Lafayette, IN 47906, USA
Identifiers:LOCALID:2/11
URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.11.009
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