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          Institute: MPI für Evolutionsbiologie     Collection: Evolutionary genetics     Display Documents



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ID: 526978.0, MPI für Evolutionsbiologie / Evolutionary genetics
Colonization and adaptation patterns of the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) on the Kerguelen Archipelago
Advisors:Tautz, Diethard
Authors:Hardouin, Émilie Annie
Referees:Schulenburg, Hinrich
Language:English
Date of Approval (YYYY-MM-DD):2010-12-06
Name of University:Christian-Albrechts-Universität
Place of University:Kiel
Physical Description
(e.g. Total Number of Pages):
XI, 84 Bl.
Audience:Not Specified
Table of Contents:Acknowledgements........................................................................................V
Zusammenfassung.......................................................................................VII
Abstract.........................................................................................................IX
Declaration....................................................................................................XI
General introduction........................................................................................1
Chapter 1.......................................................................................................20
House mouse colonization patterns on the sub-Antarctic Kerguelen
Archipelago suggest singular primary invasions and resilience against re-invasion.
Chapter 2.......................................................................................................41
Microsatellite genome-wide screen to find selective sweeps for adaptation to the
Sub-Antarctic environment.
References.....................................................................................................65
Affidavit........................................................................................................83
Curriculum vitae............................................................................................84
Abstract / Description:Starting from Western Europe, the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) has
spread across the globe in historic times. However, most of the southern oceanic islands
were colonized by mice only within the past 300 years. This makes them an excellent
model for studying the evolutionary processes during early stages of new colonization
and for understanding mechanisms of early adaptation.
Twenty-four microsatellite loci and the mitochondrial D-loop sequence were
typed in a total of 534 mice mainly from the Kerguelen Archipelago but also from
Falkland Islands, Marion Island, Amsterdam Island, Antipodes Island, Macquarie Island,
Auckland Islands, and one sample from South Georgia. Although there was heavy ship
traffic for over a hundred years to the Kerguelen Archipelago, it appears that only the
mice that have arrived first have colonized the main island (Grande Terre) and most of
the associated small islands indeed mice shared the same D-loop haplotype as well as the
same Y chromosomal haplotype. The second mice invasion has occurred on islands that
are detached from Grande Terre (Cimetière Island and Cochons Island) and were likely to
have had no resident mice prior to their arrival. They displayed a different mitochondrial
D-loop haplotype and were genetically distinct in the autosomes. However, the Y
chromosome haplotype was related to the one found in Grande Terre, suggesting that
they came from a related source population. These data suggest that an area colonized by
mice is refractory to further introgression, possibly due to fast adaptations of the resident
mice to local conditions. Interestingly, single step mutational derivatives of one of the
major mitochondrial haplotypes were found several times in different southern
hemisphere islands, suggesting an unusually high mutation rate or the putative presence
of a selective sweep in the mitochondrial genome.
In order to investigate further the genetic basis of adaptation on southern
hemisphere islands a genome-wide microsatellite screen for selective sweeps was
performed. 737 markers dispersed around the entire genome were typed in pooled
samples from Kerguelen Archipelago populations and compared to European populations
in order to pre-selected candidate loci for selective sweeps. A total of 38 pre-selected
candidates loci were then individually typed from five different islands (Kerguelen
Archipelago, Marion Island, Auckland Island, Marion Island, Antipodes Island)
representing six mouse populations in order to identify genomic regions displaying
similar patterns and to decrease the impact of the demographic history of the island on
the hitchhiking mapping approach used. Five microsatellite candidate loci, all of them
associated with a gene, were identified. Interestingly, one of the candidates has a known
function during parasite infection. Another candidate gene is a sub-unit of a K+ channel
and, surprisingly, the second sub-unit of this K+ channel was picked up during the less
stringent pre-selection of the 38 loci, pointing to the importance of this channel for mouse
adaptation to their new environment. Additional experiments are required in order to
confirm these five candidate genes, but nevertheless this study demonstrates that a
genome-wide microsatellite locus screen is a valuable approach to identify genes which
are implicated in recent adaptations.
Document Type:PhD-Thesis
Communicated by:Brigitte Lechner
Affiliations:MPI für Evolutionsbiologie/Abt. Evolutionsgenetik
Identifiers:LOCALID:Diss/12257 [Signatur/Zugangsnummer]
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