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          Institute: MPI für Meteorologie     Collection: Fellows     Display Documents

ID: 549009.0, MPI für Meteorologie / Fellows
Temperature variability in China in an ensemble simulation for the last 1,200 years
Authors:Zhang, D.; Blender, R.; Zhu, X.; Fraedrich, K.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2011
Title of Journal:Theoretical and Applied Climatology
Start Page:387
End Page:399
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Regional temperature anomalies in China during 800-2005 ad in an ensemble simulation with the atmosphere-ocean general circulation model ECHAM5/MPIOM subject to anthropogenic and natural forcings are compared to reconstructions. In a mutual assessment of three reconstructed data sets and two ensemble simulations with different solar forcings, a reconstructed data set and a simulated ensemble for weak solar variability are selected for further comparison. Temperature variability in the selected simulated and reconstructed data shows a continuous power spectrum with weak long-term memory. The simulation reveals weak long-term anomaly periods known as the Medieval Warm Period (MWP), the Little Ice Age (LIA), and the Modern Warming (MW) in the three considered regions: Northeast, Southeast, and West China. The ensemble spread yields an uncertainty of ± 0.5A degrees C in all regions. The simulated temperature varies nearly synchronously in all three regions, whereas reconstructe
d data hint to increased decadal variability in the West and centennial variability in the Northeast. Cold periods are found in 1200-1300 and in 1600-1900 ad in all regions. The coldest anomalies which are caused by volcanic eruptions in the beginnings of the thirteenth and the nineteenth centuries are only partly consistent with reconstructed data. After 1800, the annual cycle reduces in the Northeast and on the Tibetan plateau, whereas the eastern Pacific shows an enhanced summer-winter contrast.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Kauhs
Affiliations:MPI für Meteorologie/Fellows
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