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          Institute: MPI für Psycholinguistik     Collection: Yearbook 2011     Display Documents



  history
ID: 555102.0, MPI für Psycholinguistik / Yearbook 2011
Abstraction-based efficiency in the lexicon
Authors:Cutler, Anne
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2010
Title of Journal:Laboratory Phonology
Volume:1
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:301
End Page:318
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Not Specified
Intended Educational Use:No
Abstract / Description:Listeners learn from their past experience of listening to spoken words, and use this learning to maximise the efficiency of future word recognition. This paper summarises evidence that the facilitatory effects of drawing on past experience are mediated by abstraction, enabling learning to be generalised across new words and new listening situations. Phoneme category retuning, which allows adaptation to speaker-specific articulatory characteristics, is generalised on the basis of relatively brief experience to words previously unheard from that speaker. Abstract knowledge of prosodic regularities is applied to recognition even of novel words for which these regularities were violated. Prosodic word-boundary regularities drive segmentation of speech into words independently of the membership of the lexical candidate set resulting from the segmentation operation. Each of these different cases illustrates how abstraction from past listening experience has contributed to the efficiency of lexical recognition.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Karin Kastens
Affiliations:MPI für Psycholinguistik
External Affiliations:External Organizations
Identifiers:URL:http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/pubman/item/escidoc:5345...
DOI:10.1515/LABPHON.2010.016
LOCALID:escidoc:534577
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