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          Institute: MPI für Psycholinguistik     Collection: Yearbook 2011     Display Documents

ID: 555126.0, MPI für Psycholinguistik / Yearbook 2011
The neuropharmacology of implicit learning
Authors:Uddén, Julia; Folia, Vasiliki; Petersson, Karl Magnus
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2010
Title of Journal:Current Neuropharmacology
Start Page:367
End Page:381
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Not Specified
Intended Educational Use:No
Abstract / Description:Two decades of pharmacologic research on the human capacity to implicitly acquire knowledge as well as cognitive skills and procedures have yielded surprisingly few conclusive insights. We review the empirical literature of the neuropharmacology of implicit learning. We evaluate the findings in the context of relevant computational models related to neurotransmittors such as dopamine, serotonin, acetylcholine and noradrenalin. These include models for reinforcement learning, sequence production, and categorization. We conclude, based on the reviewed literature, that one can predict improved implicit acquisition by moderately elevated dopamine levels and impaired implicit acquisition by moderately decreased dopamine levels. These effects are most prominent in the dorsal striatum. This is supported by a range of behavioral tasks in the empirical literature. Similar predictions can be made for serotonin, although there is yet a lack of support in the literature for serotonin involvement in classical implicit learning tasks. There is currently a lack of evidence for a role of the noradrenergic and cholinergic systems in implicit and related forms of learning. GABA modulators, including benzodiazepines, seem to affect implicit learning in a complex manner and further research is needed. Finally, we identify allosteric AMPA receptors modulators as a potentially interesting target for future investigation of the neuropharmacology of procedural and implicit learning.
Free Keywords:Implicit learning, procedural learning, neurotransmittors, neuromodulators, dopamine, serotonin, acetylcholine, noradrenalin, GABA, glutamate, NMDA, ampakines
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Karin Kastens
Affiliations:MPI für Psycholinguistik
External Affiliations:External Organizations - Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour; External Organizations
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