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          Institute: MPI für Psycholinguistik     Collection: Yearbook 2011     Display Documents



ID: 555211.0, MPI für Psycholinguistik / Yearbook 2011
Possible words and fixed stress in the segmentation of Slovak speech
Authors:Hanulikova, Adriana; McQueen, James M.; Mitterer, Holger
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2010
Title of Journal:Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Volume:63
Start Page:555
End Page:579
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Not Specified
Intended Educational Use:No
Abstract / Description:The possible-word constraint (PWC; Norris, McQueen, Cutler, & Butterfield, 1997) has been proposed as a language-universal segmentation principle: Lexical candidates are disfavoured if the resulting segmentation of continuous speech leads to vowelless residues in the input—for example, single consonants. Three word-spotting experiments investigated segmentation in Slovak, a language with single-consonant words and fixed stress. In Experiment 1, Slovak listeners detected real words such as ruka “hand” embedded in prepositional-consonant contexts (e.g., /gruka/) faster than those in nonprepositional-consonant contexts (e.g., /truka/) and slowest in syllable contexts (e.g., /dugruka/). The second experiment controlled for effects of stress. Responses were still fastest in prepositional-consonant contexts, but were now slowest in nonprepositional-consonant contexts. In Experiment 3, the lexical and syllabic status of the contexts was manipulated. Responses were again slowest in nonprepositional-consonant contexts but equally fast in prepositional-consonant, prepositional-vowel, and nonprepositional-vowel contexts. These results suggest that Slovak listeners use fixed stress and the PWC to segment speech, but that single consonants that can be words have a special status in Slovak segmentation. Knowledge about what constitutes a phonologically acceptable word in a given language therefore determines whether vowelless stretches of speech are or are not treated as acceptable parts of the lexical parse.
Free Keywords:The possible-word constraint, spoken-word recognition, segmentation, fixed stress, Slovak
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Karin Kastens
Affiliations:MPI für Psycholinguistik
Identifiers:LOCALID:escidoc:66451
DOI:10.1080/17470210903038958
URL:http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/pubman/item/escidoc:6645...
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