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          Institute: MPI für Psycholinguistik     Collection: Yearbook 2011     Display Documents



  history
ID: 555351.0, MPI für Psycholinguistik / Yearbook 2011
Cross-cultural recognition of basic emotions through nonverbal emotional vocalizations
Authors:Sauter, Disa; Eisner, Frank; Ekman, Paul; Scott, Sophie K.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2010-01-25
Title of Journal:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume:107
Issue / Number:6
Start Page:2408
End Page:2412
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Not Specified
Intended Educational Use:No
Abstract / Description:Emotional signals are crucial for sharing important information, with conspecifics, for example, to warn humans of danger. Humans use a range of different cues to communicate to others how they feel, including facial, vocal, and gestural signals. We examined the recognition of nonverbal emotional vocalizations, such as screams and laughs, across two dramatically different cultural groups. Western participants were compared to individuals from remote, culturally isolated Namibian villages. Vocalizations communicating the so-called “basic emotions” (anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness, and surprise) were bidirectionally recognized. In contrast, a set of additional emotions was only recognized within, but not across, cultural boundaries. Our findings indicate that a number of primarily negative emotions have vocalizations that can be recognized across cultures, while most positive emotions are communicated with culture-specific signals.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Karin Kastens
Affiliations:MPI für Psycholinguistik
External Affiliations:External Organizations
Identifiers:URL:http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/pubman/item/escidoc:4083...
DOI:10.1073/pnas.0908239106
URL:http://www.pnas.org/content/suppl/2010/01/12/09082...
URL:http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2010/01/11/09082...
LOCALID:escidoc:408384
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