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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents



ID: 559213.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
A new benchmark T8-9 brown dwarf and a couple of new mid-T dwarfs from the UKIDSS DR5+ LAS
Authors:Goldman, B.; Marsat, S.; Henning, T.; Clemens, C.; Greiner, J.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2010
Journal Abbrev.:Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume:405
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:1140
End Page:1152
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:ABSTRACT Benchmark brown dwarfs are those objects for which fiducial constraints are available, including effective temperature, parallax, age and metallicity. We searched for new cool brown dwarfs in 186deg2 of the new area covered by the data release DR5+ of the UKIRT Deep Infrared Sky Survey (UKIDSS) Large Area Survey. Follow-up optical and near-infrared broad-band photometry, and methane imaging of four promising candidates, revealed three objects with distinct methane absorption, typical of mid- to late-T dwarfs and one possibly T4 dwarf. The latest-type object, classified as T8-9, shares its large proper motion with Ross 458 (BD+13o2618), an active M0.5 binary which is 102arcsec away, forming a hierarchical low-mass star+brown dwarf system. Ross 458C has an absolute J-band magnitude of 16.4, and seems overluminous, particularly in the K band, compared to similar field brown dwarfs. We estimate the age of the system to be less than 1Gyr, and its mass to be as low as 14 Jupiter masses for the age of 1Gyr. At 11.4pc, this new late-T benchmark dwarf is a promising target to constrain the evolutionary and atmospheric models of very low-mass brown dwarfs. We present proper motion measurements for our targets and for 13 known brown dwarfs. Two brown dwarfs have velocities typical of the thick disc and may be old brown dwarfs. Based on observations collected at the German-Spanish Astronomical Center, Calar Alto, jointly operated by the Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie Heidelberg and the Instituto de AstrofÃsica de Andaluc'a (CSIC), and on observations made with ESO/MPG Telescope at the La Silla Observatory under programme ID 081.A-9012 and 081.A-9014. E-mail: goldman@mpia.de
Free Keywords:binaries: general; brown dwarfs; stars: individual: Ross 458C
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010MNRAS.405.1140G
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