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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents



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ID: 559232.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Statistical properties of blue horizontal branch stars in the spheroid: detection of a moving group ~50kpc from the Sun
Authors:Harrigan, Matthew J.; Newberg, Heidi Jo; Newberg, Lee A.; Yanny, Brian; Beers, Timothy C.; Lee, Young Sun; Re Fiorentin, Paola
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2010
Title of Journal:Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Journal Abbrev.:Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume:405
Issue / Number:3
Start Page:1796
End Page:1808
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:A new moving group comprising at least four blue horizontal branch (BHB) stars is identified at (l, b) = (65°, 48°). The horizontal branch at g0 = 18.9mag implies a distance of 50kpc from the Sun. The heliocentric radial velocity is <Vr> = -157 +/- 4kms-1, corresponding to Vgsr = -10kms-1 the dispersion in line-of-sight velocity is consistent with the instrumental errors for these stars. The mean metallicity of the moving group is [Fe/H] ~ -2.4, which is significantly more metal poor than the stellar spheroid. We estimate that the BHB stars in the outer halo have a mean metallicity of [Fe/H] = -2.0, with a wide scatter and a distribution that does not change much as a function of distance from the Sun. We explore the systematics of Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR7 surface gravity metallicity determinations for faint BHB stars, and present a technique for estimating the significance of clumps discovered in multidimensional data. This Hercules Corona Borealis stream cannot be distinguished in density, and highlights the need to collect many more spectra of Galactic stars to unravel the merger history of the Galaxy.
Free Keywords:methods: statistical; Galaxy: halo; Galaxy: structure
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010MNRAS.405.1796H [ID No:1]
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