Home News About Us Contact Contributors Disclaimer Privacy Policy Help FAQ

Quick Search
My eDoc
Session History
Support Wiki
Direct access to
document ID:

          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 559500.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Imaging of a transitional disk gap in reflected light: indications of planet formation around the young solar analog LkCa 15
Authors:Thalmann, C.; Grady, C. A.; Goto, M.; Wisniewski, J. P.; Janson, M.; Henning, T.; Fukagawa, M.; Honda, M.; Mulders, G. D.; Min, M.; Moro-Martín, A.; McElwain, M. W.; Hodapp, K. W.; Carson, J.; Abe, L.; Brandner, W.; Egner, S.; Feldt, M.; Fukue, T.; Golota, T.; Guyon, O.; Hashimoto, J.; Hayano, Y.; Hayashi, M.; Hayashi, S.; Ishii, M.; Kandori, R.; Knapp, G. R.; Kudo, T.; Kusakabe, N.; Kuzuhara, M.; Matsuo, T.; Miyama, S.; Morino, J. I.; Nishimura, T.; Pyo, T. S.; Serabyn, E.; Shibai, H.; Suto, H.; Suzuki, R.; Takami, M.; Takato, N.; Terada, H.; Tomono, D.; Turner, E. L.; Watanabe, M.; Yamada, T.; Takami, H.; Usuda, T.; Tamura, M.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2010
Journal Abbrev.:The Astrophysical Journal
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:L87
End Page:L91
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We present H- and K s-band imaging data resolving the gap in the transitional disk around LkCa 15, revealing the surrounding nebulosity. We detect sharp elliptical contours delimiting the nebulosity on the inside as well as the outside, consistent with the shape, size, ellipticity, and orientation of starlight reflected from the far-side disk wall, whereas the near-side wall is shielded from view by the disk's optically thick bulk. We note that forward scattering of starlight on the near-side disk surface could provide an alternate interpretation of the nebulosity. In either case, this discovery provides confirmation of the disk geometry that has been proposed to explain the spectral energy distributions of such systems, comprising an optically thick disk with an inner truncation radius of ~46 AU enclosing a largely evacuated gap. Our data show an offset of the nebulosity contours along the major axis, likely corresponding to a physical pericenter offset of the disk gap. This reinforces the leading theory that dynamical clearing by at least one orbiting body is the cause of the gap. Based on evolutionary models, our high-contrast imagery imposes an upper limit of 21 M Jup on companions at separations outside of 0farcs1 and of 13 M Jup outside of 0farcs2. Thus, we find that a planetary system around LkCa 15 is the most likely explanation for the disk architecture. Based on data collected at Subaru Telescope, which is operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, and on data obtained from the ESO Science Archive Facility under program ID 280.C-5033(A).
Free Keywords:circumstellar matter; planetary systems; stars: individual: LkCa 15; stars: pre-main sequence; techniques: high angular resolution
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
The scope and number of records on eDoc is subject to the collection policies defined by each institute - see "info" button in the collection browse view.