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          Institute: MPI für Herz- und Lungenforschung (W. G. Kerckhoff Institut)     Collection: Publikationen des W. G. Kerckhoff-Instituts     Display Documents



ID: 559644.0, MPI für Herz- und Lungenforschung (W. G. Kerckhoff Institut) / Publikationen des W. G. Kerckhoff-Instituts
Nebulization of the acidified sodium nitrite formulation attenuates acute hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction
Authors:Egemnazarov, B.; Schermuly, R. T.; Dahal, B. K.; Elliott, G. T.; Hoglen, N. C.; Surber, M. W.; Weissmann, N.; Grimminger, F.; Seeger, W.; Ghofrani, H. A.
Title of Journal:Respir Res
Volume:11
Start Page:81
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:BACKGROUND: Generalized hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) occurring during exposure to hypoxia is a detrimental process resulting in an increase in lung vascular resistance. Nebulization of sodium nitrite has been shown to inhibit HPV. The aim of this project was to investigate and compare the effects of nebulization of nitrite and different formulations of acidified sodium nitrite on acute HPV. METHODS: Ex vivo isolated rabbit lungs perfused with erythrocytes in Krebs-Henseleit buffer (adjusted to 10% hematocrit) and in vivo anesthetized catheterized rabbits were challenged with periods of hypoxic ventilation alternating with periods of normoxic ventilation. After baseline hypoxic challenges, vehicle, sodium nitrite or acidified sodium nitrite was delivered via nebulization. In the ex vivo model, pulmonary arterial pressure and nitric oxide concentrations in exhaled gas were monitored. Nitrite and nitrite/nitrate were measured in samples of perfusion buffer. Pulmonary arterial pressure, systemic arterial pressure, cardiac output and blood gases were monitored in the in vivo model. RESULTS: In the ex vivo model, nitrite nebulization attenuated HPV and increased nitric oxide concentrations in exhaled gas and nitrite concentrations in the perfusate. The acidified forms of sodium nitrite induced higher levels of nitric oxide in exhaled gas and had longer vasodilating effects compared to nitrite alone. All nitrite formulations increased concentrations of circulating nitrite to the same degree. In the in vivo model, inhaled nitrite inhibited HPV, while pulmonary arterial pressure, cardiac output and blood gases were not affected. All nitrite formulations had similar potency to inhibit HPV. The tested concentration of appeared tolerable. CONCLUSION: Nitrite alone and in acidified forms effectively and similarly attenuates HPV. However, acidified nitrite formulations induce a more pronounced increase in nitric oxide exhalation.
Free Keywords:Acute Disease; Administration, Inhalation; Animals; Anoxia/*drug therapy/physiopathology; Blood Pressure/drug effects; Cardiac Output/drug effects; Chemistry, Pharmaceutical; Disease Models, Animal; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Exhalation; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Male; Nebulizers and Vaporizers; Nitrates/blood; Nitric Oxide/metabolism; Perfusion; Pulmonary Artery/*drug effects/physiopathology; Rabbits; Sodium Nitrite/*administration & dosage; Time Factors; Vasoconstriction/*drug effects; Vasodilator Agents/*administration & dosage
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für physiologische und klinische Forschung
External Affiliations:Medical Clinic II, University Hospital Giessen and Marburg, Giessen, Germany.
Identifiers:ISSN:1465-993X (Electronic) 1465-9921 (Linking)
URL:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=..
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