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          Institute: MPI für Herz- und Lungenforschung (W. G. Kerckhoff Institut)     Collection: Publikationen des W. G. Kerckhoff-Instituts     Display Documents



ID: 559784.0, MPI für Herz- und Lungenforschung (W. G. Kerckhoff Institut) / Publikationen des W. G. Kerckhoff-Instituts
Soluble epoxide hydrolase deficiency attenuates neointima formation in the femoral cuff model of hyperlipidemic mice
Authors:Revermann, M.; Schloss, M.; Barbosa-Sicard, E.; Mieth, A.; Liebner, S.; Morisseau, C.; Geisslinger, G.; Schermuly, R. T.; Fleming, I.; Hammock, B. D.; Brandes, R. P.
Title of Journal:Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol
Volume:30
Issue / Number:5
Start Page:909
End Page:14
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:OBJECTIVE: Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) have antiinflammatory effects and are required for normal endothelial function. The soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) metabolizes EETs to their less active diols. We hypothesized that knockout and inhibition of sEH prevents neointima formation in hyperlipidemic ApoE(-/-) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Inhibition of sEH by 12-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido) dodecanoic acid or knockout of the enzyme significantly increased plasma EET levels. sEH activity was detectable in femoral and carotid arteries. sEH knockout or inhibition resulted in a significant reduction of neointima formation in the femoral artery cuff model but not following carotid artery ligation. Although macrophage infiltration occurred abundantly at the site of cuff placement in both sEH(+/+) and sEH(-/-), the expression of proinflammatory genes was significantly reduced in femoral arteries from sEH(-/-) mice. Moreover, an in vivo 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine assay revealed that smooth muscle cell proliferation at the site of cuff placement was attenuated in sEH knockout and sEH inhibitor-treated animals. CONCLUSION: These observations suggest that inhibition of sEH prevents vascular remodeling in an inflammatory model but not in a blood flow-dependent model of neointima formation.
Free Keywords:Adamantane/*analogs & derivatives/pharmacology; Animals; Apolipoproteins E/deficiency/genetics; Arachidonic Acids/metabolism; Atherosclerosis/enzymology/etiology/genetics/pathology/*prevention &; control; Carotid Artery Diseases/enzymology/pathology/prevention & control; Carotid Artery, Common/drug effects/enzymology/pathology; Cell Proliferation/drug effects; Disease Models, Animal; Enzyme Inhibitors/*pharmacology; Epoxide Hydrolases/*antagonists &; inhibitors/*deficiency/genetics/metabolism; Femoral Artery/*drug effects/enzymology/injuries/pathology; Hyperlipidemias/*complications/enzymology/genetics; Hyperplasia; Inflammation Mediators/metabolism; Lauric Acids/*pharmacology; Macrophages/pathology; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice, Knockout; Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/*drug effects/enzymology/injuries/pathology; Tunica Intima/*drug effects/enzymology/injuries/pathology
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für physiologische und klinische Forschung
External Affiliations:Institut fur Kardiovaskulare Physiologie, Fachbereich Medizin der Goethe-Universitat, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, D-60596 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Identifiers:ISSN:1524-4636 (Electronic) 1079-5642 (Linking)
URL:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=..
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