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          Institute: MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme     Collection: Physical and Chemical Process Engineering     Display Documents



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ID: 569773.0, MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme / Physical and Chemical Process Engineering
Autonomous potential oscillations in a PEM Fuel Cell with a Pt anode under CO poisoning
Authors:Kadyk, T.; Kirsch, S.; Hanke-Rauschenbach, R.; Sundmacher, K.
Language:English
Name of Conference/Meeting:ModVal 8
Place of Conference/Meeting:Bonn, Germany
(Start) Date of Conference/Meeting
 (YYYY-MM-DD):
2011-03-08
End Date of Conference/Meeting 
 (YYYY-MM-DD):
2011-03-09
 Invitation status:contributed
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:The behaviour of a PEMFC with Pt anode under CO poisoning was experimentally investigated. Especially, the possibility and conditions for the occurrence of autonomous potential oscillation in galvanostatic operation were analysed [1]. A specific experimental setup, consisting of a differential fuel cell in H2/H2operation, was used in order to eliminate the masking effect of the cathode and to avoid spatial distributions along the channel. In galvanostatic operation, potential oscillations were observed (Fig. 1). In a first measurement series, the influence of CO concentration on the behaviour of the oscillations was analysed. Higher CO concentrations were found to increase the oscillation frequency because of enhanced CO adsorption [2].
In a second measurement series, the influence of the cell temperature was investigated. By means of activation energy analysis, an unequal influence of the temperature on the oscillation frequency has been found for Pt catalyst (EA = 40.5±0.6 kJ mol-1) compared to the previously reported case at PtRu (EA = 60.9 kJ mol-1) [3].
Additionally, oscillations were found in H2/O2 operation, too. They occur if the anode over¬potential is forced to increase until the onset potential for CO oxidation is reached. Nevertheless, in technical fuel cells operated with passive loads, the anode overpotential does usually not reach such high values, because a large fraction of the voltage loss is caused by cathodic and ohmic losses.
As an additional side effect, an increase of the Tafel slope at ηA≈350mV was observed in some of the galvanostatic polarisation curves. Two hypotheses for the occurrence of a second Tafel slope were drawn: on the one hand, the Heyrovski mechanism could enhance hydrogen adsorption at higher overpotentials; on the other hand, spatial distributions of the overpotential could lead to local CO oxidation and with this to enhanced hydrogen oxidation in parts of the reactor (e.g. under the ribs, where CO transport could be diffusion limited).
Finally, a model of Zhang and Datta [3], developed for PtRu and recently applied to PtPd [4], was adapted to fit the measurements. The adapted parameter set was compared to the original values and reasonable physical explanations for the adaptations were given. The main differences between Pt and PtRu were found to be a lower water dissociation constant and a lower CO oxidation constant.
Document Type:Talk at Event
Communicated by:Kai Sundmacher
Affiliations:MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme/Physical and Chemical Process Engineering
MPI für Dynamik komplexer technischer Systeme/International Max Planck Research School (IMPRS)
External Affiliations:Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg
Institut für Verfahrenstechnik
Lehrstuhl für Systemverfahrenstechnik
Universitätsplatz 2
39106 Magdeburg
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