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          Institute: MPI für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation     Collection: Nichtlineare Dynamik     Display Documents

ID: 576060.0, MPI für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation / Nichtlineare Dynamik
The Nature and Perception of Fluctuations in Human Musical Rhythms
Authors:Hennig, Holger; Ragnar Fleischmann, Ragnar; Fredebohm, Anneke; Hagmayer, York; Nagler, Jan; Witt, Annette; Theis, Fabian; Geisel, Theo
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2011-10-26
Title of Journal:PLoS ONE
Sequence Number of Article:e26457
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Although human musical performances represent one of the most valuable achievements of mankind, the best musicians perform imperfectly. Musical rhythms are not entirely accurate and thus inevitably deviate from the ideal beat pattern. Nevertheless, computer generated perfect beat patterns are frequently devalued by listeners due to a perceived lack of human touch. Professional audio editing software therefore offers a humanizing feature which artificially generates rhythmic fluctuations. However, the built-in humanizing units are essentially random number generators producing only simple uncorrelated fluctuations. Here, for the first time, we establish long-range fluctuations as an inevitable natural companion of both simple and complex human rhythmic performances. Moreover, we demonstrate that listeners strongly prefer long-range correlated fluctuations in musical rhythms. Thus, the favorable fluctuation type for humanizing interbeat intervals coincides with the one generically inherent in human musical performances.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Version Comment:Automatic journal name synchronization
Communicated by:Folkert Müller-Hoissen
Affiliations:MPI für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation/Nichtlineare Dynamik
External Affiliations:Institute for Nonlinear Dynamics, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
Institute of Psychology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, King's College, London, United Kingdom
Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience (BCCN), Göttingen, Germany
Institute for Bioinformatics and Systems Biology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Neuherberg, Germany
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