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          Institute: MPI für Intelligente Systeme (ehemals Max-Planck-Institut für Metallforschung)     Collection: Abt. Schölkopf (Empirical Inference)     Display Documents



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ID: 596825.0, MPI für Intelligente Systeme (ehemals Max-Planck-Institut für Metallforschung) / Abt. Schölkopf (Empirical Inference)
Towards Brain-Robot Interfaces in Stroke Rehabilitation
Authors:Gomez Rodriguez, M.; Grosse-Wentrup, M.; Hill, J.; Gharabaghi, A.; Schölkopf, B.; Peters, J.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2011-07-01
Title of Proceedings:12th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics (ICORR 2011)
Start Page:1
End Page:6
Physical Description:5
Place of Conference/Meeting:Zürich, Switzerland
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Not Specified
Intended Educational Use:No
Abstract / Description:A neurorehabilitation approach that combines robot-assisted active physical therapy and Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) may provide an additional mileage with respect to traditional rehabilitation methods for patients with severe motor impairment due to cerebrovascular brain damage (e.g., stroke) and other neurological conditions. In this paper, we describe the design and modes of operation of a robot-based rehabilitation framework that enables artificial support of the sensorimotor feedback loop. The aim is to increase cortical plasticity by means of Hebbian-type learning rules. A BCI-based shared-control strategy is used to drive a Barret WAM 7-degree-of-freedom arm that guides a subject's arm. Experimental validation of our setup is carried out both with healthy subjects and stroke patients. We review the empirical results which we have obtained to date, and argue that they support the feasibility of future rehabilitative treatments employing this novel approach.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Conference-Paper
Communicated by:Heide Klooz
Affiliations:MPI für Intelligente Systeme/Abt. Schölkopf
Identifiers:URL:http://www.kyb.tuebingen.mpg.de/fileadmin/user_upl...
LOCALID:GomezRodriguezGHGSP2011
DOI:10.1109/ICORR.2011.5975385
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