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          Institute: MPI für Kernphysik     Collection: Neutrino Physics     Display Documents

ID: 60467.0, MPI für Kernphysik / Neutrino Physics
Science and technology of BOREXINO: a real-time detector for low energy solar neutrinos.
Authors:Alimonti, G.; Arpesella, C.; Back, H.; Balata, M.; Beau, T.; Bellini, G.; Benziger, J.; Bonetti, S.; Brigatti, A.; Caccianiga, B.; Cadonati, L.; Calaprice, F.; Cecchet, G.; Chen, M.; De Bari, A.; De Haas, E.; de Kerret, H.; Donghi, O.; Deutsch, M.; Elisei, F.; Etenko, A.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Fernholz, R.; Ford, R.; Freudiger, B.; Garagiola, A.; Galbiati, C.; Gatti, F.; Gazzana, S.; Giammarchi, M. G.; Giugni, D.; Golubchikov, A.; Goretti, A.; Grieb, C.; Hagner, C.; Hagner, T.; Hampel, W.; Harding, E.; Hartmann, F. X.; von Hentig, R.; Hess, H.; Heusser, G.; Ianni, A.; Inzani, P.; Kidner, S.; Kiko, J.; Kirsten, T.; Korga, G.; Korschinek, G.; Kryn, D.; Lagomarsino, V.; LaMarche, P.; Laubenstein, M.; Loeser, F.; Lombardi, P.; Magni, S.; Malvezzi, S.; Maneira, J.; Manno, I.; Manuzio, G.; Masetti, F.; Mazzucato, U.; Meroni, E.; Musico, P.; Neder, H.; Neff, M.; Nisi, S.; Oberauer, L.; Obolensky, M.; Pallavicini, M.; Papp, L.; Perasso, L.; Pocar, A.; Raghavan, R. S.; Ranucci, G.; Rau, W.; Razeto, A.; Resconi, E.; Riedel, T.; Sabelnikov, A.; Salvo, C.; Scardaoni, R.; Schönert, S.; Schuhbeck, K. H.; Shutt, T.; Simgen, H.; Sonnenschein, A.; Smirnov, O.; Sotnikov, A.; Skorokhvatov, M.; Sukhotin, S.; Tartaglia, R.; Testera, G.; Vogelaar, R. B.; Vitale, S.; Wojcik, M.; Zaimidoroga, O.; Zakharov, Y.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2002-01
Title of Journal:Astroparticle Physics
Journal Abbrev.:Astropart Phys.
Issue / Number:3
Start Page:205
End Page:234
Copyright:Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Borexino, a real-time device for low energy neutrino spectroscopy is nearing completion of construction in the underground laboratories at Gran Sasso, Italy (LNGS). The experiment's goal is the direct measurement of the flux of 7Be solar neutrinos of all flavors via neutrino–electron scattering in an ultra-pure scintillation liquid. Seeded by a series of innovations which were brought to fruition by large-scale operation of a 4-ton test detector at LNGS, a new technology has been developed for Borexino. It enables sub-MeV solar neutrino spectroscopy for the first time. This paper describes the design of Borexino, the various facilities essential to its operation, its spectroscopic and background suppression capabilities and a prognosis of the impact of its results towards resolving the solar neutrino problem. Borexino will also address several other frontier questions in particle physics, astrophysics and geophysics.
(C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Affiliations:MPI für Kernphysik/Group H. J. Völk/Neutrino Astrophysics (W. Hampel)
MPI für Kernphysik/Independent Research Group S. Schönert/Neutrino Physics
External Affiliations:Max Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany; Max Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany; Lab Nazl Gran Sasso, I-67010 Assergi, Italy; Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA; Coll France, F-75231 Paris, France; Univ Milan, Dept Phys, I-20133 Milan, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-20133 Milan, Italy; Princeton Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA; Princeton Univ, Dept Phys, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA; Univ Pavia, Dept Phys, I-27100 Pavia, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-27100 Pavia, Italy; Queens Univ, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada; Univ Genoa, Dept Phys, I-16146 Genoa, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-16146 Genoa, Italy; Joint Inst Nucl Res, Dubna 141980, Russia; MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA; Univ Perugia, Dept Chem, I-06123 Perugia, Italy; Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, I-06123 Perugia, Italy; Kurchatov Inst, Moscow 123182, Russia; Tech Univ Munich, D-85747 Garching, Germany; Inst Reference Mat & Measurements, B-2440 Geel, Belgium; Res Inst Particle & Nucl Phys, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary; Bell Labs, Murray Hill, NJ 07974 USA; Joint Res Ctr EU, Inst Environm, I-21020 Ispra, Italy; Jagiellonian Univ, PL-30059 Krakow, Poland
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