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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 606403.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Can neutral and ionized polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons be carriers of the ultraviolet extinction bump and the diffuse interstellar bands?
Authors:Steglich, M.; Bouwman, J.; Huisken, F.; Henning, T.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2011
Journal Abbrev.:The Astrophysical Journal
Issue / Number:1
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Up to now, no laboratory-based study has investigated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) species as potential carriers of both the diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) and the 2175 Ã… UV bump. We examined the proposed correlation between these two features by applying experimental and theoretical techniques on two specific medium-sized/large PAHs (dibenzorubicene C30H14 and hexabenzocoronene C42H18) in their neutral and cationic states. It was already shown that mixtures of sufficiently large, neutral PAHs can partly or even completely account for the UV bump. We investigated how the absorption bands are altered upon ionization of these molecules by interstellar UV photons. The experimental studies presented here were realized by performing matrix isolation spectroscopy with subsequent far-UV irradiation. The main effects were found to be a broadening of the absorption bands in the UV combined with slight redshifts. The position of the complete Ï€-Ï€* absorption structure around 217.5 nm, however, remains more or less unchanged, which could explain the observed position invariance of the interstellar bump for different lines of sight. This favors the assignment of this feature to the interstellar PAH population. As far as the DIBs are concerned, neither our investigations nor the laboratory studies carried out by other research groups support a possible connection with this class of molecules. Instead, there are reasonable arguments that neutral and singly ionized cationic PAHs cannot be held responsible for the DIBs.
Free Keywords:astrochemistry; dust; extinction; ISM: molecules; methods: laboratory; molecular data; techniques: spectroscopic
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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