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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 607577.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Redshift evolution of the galaxy velocity dispersion function
Authors:Bezanson, R.; van Dokkum, P. G.; Franx, M.; Brammer, G. B.; Brinchmann, J.; Kriek, M.; Labbé, I.; Quadri, R. F.; Rix, H.-W.; van de Sande, J.; Whitaker, K. E.; Williams, R. J.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2011
Journal Abbrev.:The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We present a study of the evolution of the galaxy velocity dispersion function (VDF) from z = 0 to z = 1.5 using photometric data from the Ultra-Deep and the NEWFIRM Medium-Band Survey in the COSMOS field. The VDF has been measured locally using direct kinematic measurements from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), but direct studies of the VDF at high redshift are difficult as they require velocity dispersion measurements of many thousands of galaxies. Taylor et al. demonstrated that dynamical and stellar masses are linearly related when the structure of the galaxy is accounted for. We show that the stellar mass, size, and Sérsic index can reliably predict the velocity dispersions of SDSS galaxies. We apply this relation to galaxies at high redshift and determine the evolution of the inferred VDF. We find that the VDF at z ~ 0.5 is very similar to the VDF at z = 0. At higher redshifts, we find that the number density of galaxies with dispersions <~ 200 km s-1 is lower, but the number of high-dispersion galaxies is constant or even higher. At fixed cumulative number density, the velocity dispersions of galaxies with log N[Mpc-3] < -3.5 increase with time by a factor of ~1.4 from z ~ 1.5-0, whereas the dispersions of galaxies with lower number density are approximately constant or decrease with time. The VDF appears to show less evolution than the stellar mass function, particularly at the lowest number densities. We note that these results are still somewhat uncertain and we suggest several avenues for further calibrating the inferred velocity dispersions.
Free Keywords:cosmology: observations; galaxies: elliptical and lenticular; cD; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: formation
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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