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          Institute: MPI für Evolutionsbiologie     Collection: Evolutionary genetics     Display Documents

ID: 610635.0, MPI für Evolutionsbiologie / Evolutionary genetics
Exploratory behaviour in shrews: fast-lived Sorex versus slow-lived Crocidura
Authors:Von Merten, Sophie; Siemers, Björn M.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2012-07
Title of Journal:Animal Behaviour
Issue / Number:1
Start Page:29
End Page:38
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Exploration of the environment is a key behaviour in animals. The exploratory behaviour of species or
populations depends on different aspects of their ecology. New evidence suggests that differences in
exploratory behaviour might also be related to life history strategies, with fast-lived animals (high
metabolic rate, short life span) being faster explorers than slow-lived ones. We tested this assumption in
shrews. Shrews are divided into two phylogenetic groups, which differ tremendously in life history.
We compared the exploratory behaviour of three species, covering both phylogenetic groups. Shrews of
the fast-lived genus Sorex were quicker to start exploration and to locate the first food patch. They also
moved faster than the slow-lived genus Crocidura. Unlike many studies on exploratory behaviour that
analyse only a short period of time (i.e. a single exploration bout with a fixed duration), we analysed the
species-specific allocation of prolonged total exploration time into exploration bouts. Using this method,
we could show that Sorex performed more, but shorter exploration bouts than Crocidura. Our results
support the hypothesis of exploratory behaviour being related to life history. While the species we tested
occur sympatrically, the two genera differ strongly in the climatic zones they inhabit. It is likely that also
during evolution they faced different types of habitat and thus different selection pressures. These
differences in evolutionary histories possibly favoured the evolution of their diversified life histories and
exploration strategies.
Free Keywords:BMR; Crocidura; exploration; foraging; life history; personality; shrew; Sorex
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Brigitte Lechner
Affiliations:MPI für Evolutionsbiologie/Abt. Evolutionsgenetik
External Affiliations:Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Sensory Ecology Group, Seewiesen, Germany
Identifiers:ISSN:0003-3472 (print) [ID-No:1]
ISSN:1095-8282 (online [ID-No:2]
DOI:10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.04.002 [ID-No:3]
LOCALID:2922/S 39267 [Listen-Nummer/S-Nummer]
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