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          Institute: MPI für medizinische Forschung     Collection: Jahrbuch 2012     Display Documents



ID: 638163.0, MPI für medizinische Forschung / Jahrbuch 2012
Inherited and de novo SHANK2 variants associated
with autism spectrum disorder impair neuronal
morphogenesis and physiology
Translation of Title:Inherited and de novo SHANK2 variants associated
with autism spectrum disorder impair neuronal
morphogenesis and physiology
Authors:Berkel, Simone; Tang, Wannan; Trevino, Mario; Vogt, Miriam; Obenhaus, Horst Andreas; Gass, Peter; Scherer, Stephen Wayne; Sprengel, Rolf; Schratt, Gerhard; Rappold, Gudrun Anna
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2012-01-15
Title of Journal:Human Molecular Genetics
Journal Abbrev.:Human Molecular Genetics
Volume:21
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:344
End Page:357
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Intended Educational Use:No
Abstract / Description:Mutations in the postsynaptic scaffolding gene SHANK2 have recently been identified in individuals with
autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability. However, the cellular and physiological consequences
of these mutations in neurons remain unknown. We have analyzed the functional impact caused
by two inherited and one de novo SHANK2 mutations from ASD individuals (L1008_P1009dup, T1127M,
R462X). Although all three variants affect spine volume and have smaller SHANK2 cluster sizes, T1127M additionally
fails to rescue spine volume in Shank2 knock−down neurons. R462X is not able to rescue spine
volume and dendritic branching and lacks postsynaptic clustering, indicating the most severe dysfunction.
To demonstrate that R462X when expressed in mouse can be linked to physiological effects, we analyzed
synaptic transmission and behavior. Principal neurons of mice expressing rAAV−transduced SHANK2−
R462X present a specific, long−lasting reduction in miniature postsynaptic AMPA receptor currents. This
dominant negative effect translates into dose−dependent altered cognitive behavior of SHANK2−R462Xexpressing
mice, with an impact on the penetrance of ASD
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Wulf Kaiser
Affiliations:MPI für medizinische Forschung/Abteilung Molekulare Neurobiologie
MPI für medizinische Forschung/Abteilung Zellphysiologie/Olfaction Web
MPI für medizinische Forschung/Abteilung Molekulare Neurobiologie/Gruppe Georg Köhr
MPI für medizinische Forschung/Abteilung Molekulare Neurobiologie/Gruppe Rolf Sprengel
Identifiers:LOCALID:7706
URI:http%3A%2F%2Fhmg.oxfordjournals.org%2Fcontent%2F21...
URI:http%3A%2F%2Fhmg.oxfordjournals.org%2Fcontent%2F21...
URI:http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov%2Fpubmed%2F21994...
DOI:10.1093%2Fhmg%2Fddr470
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