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          Institute: MPI für molekulare Biomedizin     Collection: Yearbook 2013     Display Documents



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ID: 648340.0, MPI für molekulare Biomedizin / Yearbook 2013
Expansion and differentiation of germline-derived pluripotent stem cells on biomaterials
Authors:Hoss, M.; Saric, T.; Denecke, B.; Peinkofer, G.; Bovi, M.; Groll, J.; Ko, K.; Salber, J.; Halbach, M.; Scholer, H. R.; Zenke, M.; Neuss, S.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2013-05
Title of Journal:Tissue Eng Part A
Volume:19
Issue / Number:9-10
Start Page:1067
End Page:1080
Review Status:Internal review
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Stem cells with broad differentiation potential, such as the recently described germline-derived pluripotent stem cells (gPS cells), are an appealing source for tissue engineering strategies. Biomaterials can inhibit, support, or induce proliferation and differentiation of stem cells. Here we identified (1) polymers that maintain self-renewal and differentiation potential of gPS cells for feeder-free expansion and (2) polymers supporting the cardiomyogenic fate of gPS cells by analyzing a panel of polymers of an established biomaterial bank previously used to assess growth of diverse stem cell types. Identification of cytocompatible gPS cell/biomaterial combinations required analysis of several parameters, including morphology, viability, cytotoxicity, apoptosis, proliferation, and differentiation potential. Pluripotency of gPS cells was visualized by the endogenous Oct4-promoter-driven GFP and by Sox2 and Nanog immunofluorescence. Viability assay, proliferation assay, and flow cytometry showed that gPS cells efficiently adhere and are viable on synthetic polymers, such as Resomer((R)) LR704 (poly(L-lactic-D,L-lactic acid), poly(tetrafluor ethylene) (PTFE), poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF), and on gelatine-coated tissue culture polystyrene. Expansion experiments showed that Resomer LR704 is an alternative substrate for feeder-free gPS cell maintenance. Resomer LR704, PTFE, and PVDF were found to be suitable for gPS cell differentiation. Spontaneous beating in embryoid bodies cultured on Resomer LR704 occurred already on day 8 of differentiation, much earlier compared to the other surfaces. This indicates that Resomer LR704 supports spontaneous cardiomyogenic differentiation of gPS cells, which was also confirmed on molecular, protein and functional level.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:keuker
Affiliations:MPI für molekulare Biomedizin
External Affiliations:%G eng
Identifiers:ISSN:1937-335X (Electronic) 1937-3341 (Linking) %R 10.1... [ID No:1]
URL:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23234562 [ID No:2]
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