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          Institute: MPI für molekulare Biomedizin     Collection: Yearbook 2013     Display Documents



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ID: 648353.0, MPI für molekulare Biomedizin / Yearbook 2013
Comprehensive human transcription factor binding site map for combinatory binding motifs discovery
Authors:Müller-Molina, A. J.; Schöler, H. R.; Arauzo-Bravo, M. J.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2012
Title of Journal:PLoS ONE
Volume:7
Issue / Number:11
Start Page:e49086
Review Status:Internal review
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:To know the map between transcription factors (TFs) and their binding sites is essential to reverse engineer the regulation process. Only about 10%-20% of the transcription factor binding motifs (TFBMs) have been reported. This lack of data hinders understanding gene regulation. To address this drawback, we propose a computational method that exploits never used TF properties to discover the missing TFBMs and their sites in all human gene promoters. The method starts by predicting a dictionary of regulatory "DNA words." From this dictionary, it distills 4098 novel predictions. To disclose the crosstalk between motifs, an additional algorithm extracts TF combinatorial binding patterns creating a collection of TF regulatory syntactic rules. Using these rules, we narrowed down a list of 504 novel motifs that appear frequently in syntax patterns. We tested the predictions against 509 known motifs confirming that our system can reliably predict ab initio motifs with an accuracy of 81%-far higher than previous approaches. We found that on average, 90% of the discovered combinatorial binding patterns target at least 10 genes, suggesting that to control in an independent manner smaller gene sets, supplementary regulatory mechanisms are required. Additionally, we discovered that the new TFBMs and their combinatorial patterns convey biological meaning, targeting TFs and genes related to developmental functions. Thus, among all the possible available targets in the genome, the TFs tend to regulate other TFs and genes involved in developmental functions. We provide a comprehensive resource for regulation analysis that includes a dictionary of "DNA words," newly predicted motifs and their corresponding combinatorial patterns. Combinatorial patterns are a useful filter to discover TFBMs that play a major role in orchestrating other factors and thus, are likely to lock/unlock cellular functional clusters.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:keuker
Affiliations:MPI für molekulare Biomedizin
External Affiliations:%G eng
Identifiers:ISSN:1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking) %R 10.1... [ID No:1]
URL:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23209563 [ID No:2]
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