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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 660710.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
An unusual very low-mass high-amplitude pre-main sequence periodic variable
Authors:Rodrí­guez-Ledesma, M. V.; Mundt, R.; Ibrahimov, M.; Messina, S.; Parihar, P.; Hessman, F. V.; Alves de Oliveira, C.; Herbst, W.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2012
Title of Journal:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Journal Abbrev.:A & A
Start Page:id. A112
Review Status:not specified
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:<BR /> Aims: We have investigated the nature of the variability of CHS 7797, an unusual periodic variable in the Orion Nebula Cluster. <BR /> Methods: An extensive I-band photometric data set of CHS 7797 was compiled between 2004-2010 using various telescopes. Further optical data have been collected in R and z' bands. In addition, simultaneous observations of the ONC region including CHS 7797 were performed in the I,J,Ks & IRAC 3.6 and 4.5 μm bands over a time interval of ≈40 d. <BR /> Results: CHS 7797 shows an unusual large-amplitude variation of ≈1.7 mag in the R,I, and z' bands with a period 17.786 ± 0.03 d (FAP = 1 × 10-15%). The amplitude of the brightness modulation decreases only slightly at longer wavelengths. The star is faint during ≈2/3 of the period and the shape of the phased light-curves for the seven different observing seasons shows minor changes and small-amplitude variations. Interestingly, there are no significant colour-flux correlations for λ ≲ 2 μm, while the object becomes redder when fainter at longer wavelengths. CHS 7797 has a spectral type of M 6 and an estimated mass between 0.04-0.1 M&sun;. <BR /> Conclusions: The analysis of the data suggests that the periodic variability of CHS 7797 is most probably caused by an orbital motion. Variability as a result of rotational brightness modulation by a hot spot is excluded by the lack of any colour-brightness correlation in the optical. The latter indicates that CHS 7797 is most probably occulted by circumstellar matter in which grains have grown from typical 0.1 μm to ≈1-2 μm sizes. We discuss two possible scenarios in which CHS 7797 is periodically eclipsed by structures in a disc, namely that CHS 7797 is a single object with a circumstellar disc, or that CHS 7797 is a binary system, similar to KH 15D, in which an inclined circumbinary disc is responsible of the variability. Possible reasons for the typical 0.3 mag variations in I-band at a given phase are discussed.
Free Keywords:techniques: photometric; stars: variables: T Tauri; Herbig Ae/Be; circumstellar matter; stars: pre-main sequence; starspots; binaries: general
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/abs/2012A%26A...544A.11... [ID No:1]
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