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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 660783.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Characterization of exoplanets from their formation I: Models of combined planet formation and evolution
Authors:Mordasini, C.; Alibert, Y.; Klahr, H.; Henning, T.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2012
Journal Abbrev.:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Start Page:id.A111
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:A first characterization of many exoplanets has recently been achieved by the observational determination of their radius. For some planets, a measurement of the luminosity has also been possible, with many more directly imaged planets expected in the future. The statistical characterization of exoplanets through their mass-radius and mass-luminosity diagram is thus becoming possible. This is for planet formation and evolution theory of similar importance as the mass-distance diagram. Our aim in this and a companion paper is to extend our formation model into a coupled formation and evolution model. We want to calculate in a self-consistent way all basic characteristics (M,a,R,L) of a planet and use the model for population synthesis calculations. Here we show how we solve the structure equations describing the gaseous envelope not only during the early formation phase, but also during gas runaway accretion, and during the evolutionary phase at constant mass on Gyr timescales. We then study the in situ formation and evolution of Jupiter, the mass-radius relationship of giants, the influence of the core mass on the radius and the luminosity both in the "hot start" and the "cold start" scenario. We put special emphasis on the comparison with other models. We find that our results agree very well with those of more complex models, despite a number of simplifications. The upgraded model yields the most important characteristics of a planet from its beginning as a seed embryo to a Gyr old planet. This is the case for all planets in a synthetic planetary population. Therefore, we can now use self-consistently the statistical constraints coming from all major observational techniques. This is important in a time where different techniques yield constraints on very diverse sub-populations of planets, and where its is challenging to put all these constraints together in one coherent picture.
Free Keywords:Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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