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          Institute: MPI für Chemie     Collection: Publikationen MPI für Chemie     Display Documents



ID: 675656.0, MPI für Chemie / Publikationen MPI für Chemie
Anthropogenic sources of VOC in a football stadium: Assessing human emissions in the atmosphere
Authors:Veres, P. R.; Faber, P.; Drewnick, F.; Lelieveld, J.; Williams, J.
Language:English
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2013-10
Title of Journal:Atmospheric Environment
Volume:77
Start Page:1052
End Page:1059
Review Status:Internal review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:Measurements of gas-phase volatile organic compounds (VOCs), aerosol composition, carbon dioxide (CO2), and ozone (O-3) were made inside Coface Arena in Mainz, Germany (49 degrees 59'3 '' N, 8 degrees 13'27 '' E) during a football match on April 20 2012. The VOC measurements were performed with a proton-transfer-reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometer (PTR-TOF-MS). Observed VOCs could be classified into several distinct source categories including (1) human respiration/breath, (2) ozonolysis of skin oils, and (3) cigarette smoke/combustion. In this work, we present a detailed discussion on the scale and potential impacts of VOCs emitted as a result of these sources and their contributions on local and larger scales. Human emissions of VOCs have a negligible contribution to the global atmospheric budget (similar to 1% or less) for all those quantified in this study. However, fluxes as high as 0.02 g m(-2) h(-1) and 2 x 10(-4) g m(-2) h(-1) for ethanol and acetone respectively are observed, suggesting the potential for significant impact on local air chemistry and perhaps regional scales. This study suggests that even in outdoor environments, situations exist where VOCs emitted as a result of human presence and activity are an important component of local air chemistry. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Version Comment:Automatic journal name synchronization
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Chemie
Identifiers:ISI:000324848500109 [ID No:1]
ISSN:1352-2310 [ID No:2]
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