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          Institute: MPI für Chemie     Collection: Publikationen MPI für Chemie     Display Documents

ID: 675672.0, MPI für Chemie / Publikationen MPI für Chemie
Kinetic limitations in gas-particle reactions arising from slow diffusion in secondary organic aerosol
Authors:Zhou, S. M.; Shiraiwa, M.; McWhinney, R. D.; Pöschl, U.; Abbatt, J. P. D.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2013
Title of Journal:Faraday Discussions
Start Page:391
End Page:406
Review Status:Internal review
Audience:Experts Only
Abstract / Description:The potential for aerosol physical properties, such as phase, morphology and viscosity/diffusivity, to affect particle reactivity remains highly uncertain. We report here a study of the effect of bulk diffusivity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in secondary organic aerosol (SOA) on the kinetics of the heterogeneous reaction of particle-borne benzo[a] pyrene (BaP) with ozone. The experiments were performed by coating BaP-ammonium sulfate particles with multilayers of SOA formed from ozonolysis of alpha-pinene, and by subsequently investigating the kinetics of BaP loss via reaction with excess ozone using an aerosol flow tube coupled to an Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS). All reactions exhibit pseudo-first order kinetics and are empirically well described by a Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) mechanism. The results show that under dry conditions (RH < 5%) diffusion through the SOA coating can lead to significant mass transfer constraints on the kinetics, with behavior between that previously observed by our group for solid and liquid organic coats. The reactivity of BaP was enhanced at similar to 50% relative humidity (RH) suggesting that water uptake lowers the viscosity of the SOA, hence lifting the mass transfer constraint to some degree. The kinetics for similar to 70% RH were similar to results obtained without SOA coats, indicating that the SOA had sufficiently low viscosity and was sufficiently liquid-like that reactants could rapidly diffuse through the coat. A kinetic multi-layer model for aerosol surface and bulk chemistry was applied to simulate the kinetics, yielding estimates for the diffusion coefficients (in cm(2) s(-1)) for BaP in alpha-pinene SOA of 2 x 10(-14), 8 x 10(-14) and >1 x 10(-12) for dry (RH < 5%), 50% RH and 70% RH conditions, respectively. These results clearly indicate that slow diffusion of reactants through SOA coats under specific conditions can provide shielding from gas-phase oxidants, enabling the long-range atmospheric transport of toxic trace species, such as PAHs and persistent organic pollutants.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Chemie
Identifiers:ISI:000329068600021 [ID No:1]
ISSN:1359-6640 [ID No:2]
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