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          Institute: MPI für Herz- und Lungenforschung (W. G. Kerckhoff Institut)     Collection: Yearbook_2014     Display Documents

ID: 682162.0, MPI für Herz- und Lungenforschung (W. G. Kerckhoff Institut) / Yearbook_2014
Shunt volume dynamics in stroke patients with patent foramen ovale
Authors:Reichenberger, F.; Kaps, M.; Seeger, W.; Tanislav, C.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2013-09-01
Journal Abbrev.:J Appl Physiol (1985)
Issue / Number:5
Start Page:704
End Page:707
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:A variation in right atrial and pulmonary arterial pressure might result in a shunt dynamic across a patent foramen ovale (PFO). In the present study we tested if peak exercise facilitates a restoration of right to left shunt (RLS) in stroke patients who demonstrated a functional PFO closure (no evidence of RLS across an initially demonstrated PFO). In stroke patients with PFO demonstrating a functional closure, the RLS was reassessed on peak exercise using contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler sonography. The exercise procedure consisted of a cardiopulmonary exercise test with supplementary stress echocardiography for assessment of pulmonary circulation. Four stroke patients with initially PFO curtain pattern and a subsequent functional PFO closure (no evidence for RLS) underwent the procedure. In all four patients a RLS could be resurrected during peak physical exercise after a Valsalva strain. While in two patients peak exercise led to an RLS in a countable range of microembolic signals, in two patients a curtain pattern was obtained. One patient showed evidence for reoccurrence of RLS on peak exercise without a Valsalva strain. The patients with curtain pattern had a better peak exercise performance. Although the systolic pulmonary arterial pressure increased during exercise in all patients, there was no direct correlation with the detected RLS. After a functional PFO closure peak exercise combined with a Valsalva strain facilitates the reoccurrence of RLS in stroke patients.
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Svea Hümmer
Affiliations:MPI für physiologische und klinische Forschung
Identifiers:ISSN:1522-1601 (Electronic) 0161-7567 (Linking) %R 10.1152/japplphysiol.00507.2012
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