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          Institute: MPI für Herz- und Lungenforschung (W. G. Kerckhoff Institut)     Collection: Yearbook_2014     Display Documents



ID: 682240.0, MPI für Herz- und Lungenforschung (W. G. Kerckhoff Institut) / Yearbook_2014
Hepatocyte growth factor signaling in intrapancreatic ductal cells drives pancreatic morphogenesis
Authors:Anderson, R. M.; Delous, M.; Bosch, J. A.; Ye, L.; Robertson, M. A.; Hesselson, D.; Stainier, D. Y.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2013
Journal Abbrev.:PLoS Genet
Volume:9
Issue / Number:7
Start Page:e1003650
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:In a forward genetic screen for regulators of pancreas development in zebrafish, we identified donut(s908) , a mutant which exhibits failed outgrowth of the exocrine pancreas. The s908 mutation leads to a leucine to arginine substitution in the ectodomain of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) tyrosine kinase receptor, Met. This missense mutation impedes the proteolytic maturation of the receptor, its trafficking to the plasma membrane, and diminishes the phospho-activation of its kinase domain. Interestingly, during pancreatogenesis, met and its hgf ligands are expressed in pancreatic epithelia and mesenchyme, respectively. Although Met signaling elicits mitogenic and migratory responses in varied contexts, normal proliferation rates in donut mutant pancreata together with dysmorphic, mislocalized ductal cells suggest that met primarily functions motogenically in pancreatic tail formation. Treatment with PI3K and STAT3 inhibitors, but not with MAPK inhibitors, phenocopies the donut pancreatic defect, further indicating that Met signals through migratory pathways during pancreas development. Chimera analyses showed that Met-deficient cells were excluded from the duct, but not acinar, compartment in the pancreatic tail. Conversely, wild-type intrapancreatic duct and "tip cells" at the leading edge of the growing pancreas rescued the donut phenotype. Altogether, these results reveal a novel and essential role for HGF signaling in the intrapancreatic ducts during exocrine morphogenesis.
Free Keywords:Animals; Hepatocyte Growth Factor/*metabolism; Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism; *Morphogenesis; Mutation, Missense; Pancreatic Ducts/*growth & development/metabolism; Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met/*genetics/metabolism; STAT3 Transcription Factor/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism; *Signal Transduction; Zebrafish/genetics/growth & development
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Svea Hümmer
Affiliations:MPI für physiologische und klinische Forschung
Identifiers:ISSN:1553-7404 (Electronic) 1553-7390 (Linking) %R 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003650
URL:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23935514
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