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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 693400.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Revealing the heavily obscured active galactic nucleus population of high-redshift 3CRR sources with Chandra X-ray observations
Authors:Wilkes, B. J.; Kuraszkiewicz, J.; Haas, M.; Barthel, P.; Leipski, C.; Willner, S. P.; Worrall, D. M.; Birkinshaw, M.; Antonucci, R.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Chini, R.; Fazio, G. G.; Lawrence, C.; Ogle, P.; Schulz, B.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2013
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Issue / Number:1
Start Page:id. 15 (16 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Chandra observations of a complete, flux-limited sample of 38 high-redshift (1 < z < 2), low-frequency-selected (and so unbiased in orientation) 3CRR radio sources are reported. The sample includes 21 quasars (=broad-line radio galaxies) and 17 narrow-line radio galaxies (NLRGs) with matched 178 MHz radio luminosity (log L R(5 GHz) ~44-45). The quasars have high radio core fraction, high X-ray luminosities (log L X ~45-46), and soft X-ray hardness ratios (HR ~-0.5) indicating low obscuration. The NLRGs have lower core fraction, lower apparent X-ray luminosities (log L X ~43-45), and mostly hard X-ray hardness ratios (HR >0) indicating obscuration (N H ~1022-1024 cm-2). These properties and the correlation between obscuration and radio core fraction are consistent with orientation-dependent obscuration as in unification models. About half the NLRGs have soft X-ray hardness ratios and/or a high [O III] emission line to X-ray luminosity ratio suggesting obscuration by Compton thick (CT) material so that scattered nuclear or extended X-ray emission dominates (as in NGC 1068). The ratios of unobscured to Compton-thin (1022 cm-2 < N H(int) <1.5 × 1024 cm-2) to CT (N H(int) >1.5 × 1024 cm-2) is 2.5:1.4:1 in this high-luminosity, radio-selected sample. The obscured fraction is 0.5, higher than is typically reported for active galactic nuclei at comparable luminosities from multi-wavelength surveys (0.1-0.3). Assuming random nuclear orientation, the unobscured half-opening angle of the disk/wind/torus structure is ~60° and the obscuring material covers 30°, ~12° of which is CT. The multi-wavelength properties reveal that many NLRGs have intrinsic absorption 10-1000 × higher than indicated by their X-ray hardness ratios, and their true L X values are ~10-100× larger than the hardness-ratio absorption corrections would indicate.
Free Keywords:quasars: general; X-rays: galaxies
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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