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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 693413.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
The Gemini NICI Planet-Finding Campaign: the companion detection pipeline
Authors:Wahhaj, Z.; Liu, M. C.; Biller, B. A.; Nielsen, E. L.; Close, L. M.; Hayward, T. L.; Hartung, M.; Chun, M.; Ftaclas, C.; Toomey, D. W.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2013
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Start Page:id. 80 (14 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We present high-contrast image processing techniques used by the Gemini NICI Planet-Finding Campaign to detect faint companions to bright stars. The Near-Infrared Coronographic Imager (NICI) is an adaptive optics instrument installed on the 8 m Gemini South telescope, capable of angular and spectral difference imaging and specifically designed to image exoplanets. The Campaign data pipeline achieves median contrasts of 12.6 mag at 0.''5 and 14.4 mag at 1'' separation, for a sample of 45 stars (V = 4.3-13.9 mag) from the early phase of the campaign. We also present a novel approach to calculating contrast curves for companion detection based on 95% completeness in the recovery of artificial companions injected into the raw data, while accounting for the false-positive rate. We use this technique to select the image processing algorithms that are more successful at recovering faint simulated point sources. We compare our pipeline to the performance of the Locally Optimized Combination of Images (LOCI) algorithm for NICI data and do not find significant improvement with LOCI. Based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the Science and Technology Facilities Council (United Kingdom), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia (Brazil) and Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva (Argentina).
Free Keywords:brown dwarfs; infrared: planetary systems; instrumentation: adaptive optics; methods: data analysis; methods: observational; techniques: image processing
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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