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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents



ID: 693539.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Early-stage young stellar objects in the Small Magellanic Cloud
Authors:Oliveira, J. M.; van Loon, J. T.; Sloan, G. C.; Sewilo, M.; Kraemer, K. E.; Wood, P. R.; Indebetouw, R.; Filipovic, M. D.; Crawford, E. J.; Wong, G. F.; Hora, J. L.; Meixner, M.; Robitaille, T. P.; Shiao, B.; Simon, J. D.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2013
Title of Journal:Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume:428
Issue / Number:4
Start Page:3001
End Page:3033
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We present new observations of 34 YSO candidates in the SMC. The anchor of the analysis is a set of Spitzer-IRS spectra, supplemented by groundbased 3-5 micron spectra, Spitzer and NIR photometry, optical spectroscopy and radio data. The sources' SEDs and spectral indices are consistent with embedded YSOs; prominent silicate absorption is observed in the spectra of at least ten sources, silicate emission is observed towards four sources. PAH emission is detected towards all but two sources. Based on band ratios (in particular the strength of the 11.3 micron and the weakness of the 8.6 micron bands) PAH emission towards SMC YSOs is dominated by predominantly small neutral grains. Ice absorption is observed towards fourteen sources in the SMC. The comparison of H2O and CO2 ice column densities for SMC, LMC and Galactic samples suggests that there is a significant H2O column density threshold for the detection of CO2 ice. This supports the scenario proposed by Oliveira et al. (2011), where the reduced shielding in metal-poor environments depletes the H2O column density in the outer regions of the YSO envelopes. No CO ice is detected towards the SMC sources. Emission due to pure-rotational 0-0 transitions of H2 is detected towards the majority of SMC sources, allowing us to estimate rotational temperatures and column densities. All but one source are spectroscopically confirmed as SMC YSOs. Of the 33 YSOs identified in the SMC, 30 sources populate different stages of massive stellar evolution. The remaining three sources are classified as intermediate-mass YSOs with a thick dusty disc and a tenuous envelope still present. We propose one of the sources is a D-type symbiotic system, based on the presence of Raman, H and He emission lines in the optical spectrum, and silicate emission in the IRS-spectrum. This would be the first dust-rich symbiotic system identified in the SMC. (abridged)
Free Keywords:Astrophysics - Galaxy Astrophysics; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:URL:http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/abs/2012arXiv1210.5193O
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