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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 693544.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Refined physical properties and g', r', i', z', J, H, K transmission spectrum of WASP-23b from the ground
Authors:Nikolov, N.; Chen, G.; Fortney, J. J.; Mancini, L.; Southworth, J.; van Boekel, R.; Henning, T.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2013
Title of Journal:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Start Page:id. A26 (8 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Context. Multi-band observations of planetary transits using the telescope defocus technique may yield high-quality light curves suitable for refining the physical properties of exoplanets even with small or medium size telescopes. Such observations can be used to construct a broad-band transmission spectrum of transiting planets and search for the presence of strong absorbers. <BR /> Aims: We have thoroughly characterised the orbital ephemeris and physical properties of the transiting planet and host star in the WASP-23b system, constructed a broad-band transmission spectrum of <ASTROBJ>WASP-23 b</ASTROBJ> and performed a comparative analysis with theoretical models of hot Jupiters. <BR /> Methods: We observed a complete transit of <ASTROBJ>WASP-23 b</ASTROBJ> in seven passbands simultaneously, using the GROND instrument on the MPG/ESO 2.2 m telescope at La Silla Observatory and telescope defocussing. The optical data were taken in the Sloan g', r', i' and z' passbands. The resulting light curves are of high quality, with a root-mean-square scatter of the residual as low as 330 parts per million (ppm) in the z'-band, with a cadence of 90 s. Near-infrared data were obtained in the JHK passbands. We performed a MCMC analysis of our photometry plus existing radial velocity data to refine measurements of the ephemeris and physical properties of the WASP-23 system. We constructed a broad-band transmission spectrum of <ASTROBJ>WASP-23 b</ASTROBJ> and compared it with a theoretical transmission spectrum of a hot Jupiter. <BR /> Results: We measured the central transit time with a precision ~8 s. From this and earlier observations we obtain an orbital period of P = 2.9444300 ± 0.0000011 d. Our analysis also yielded a larger radius and mass for the planet (Rp = 1.067-0.038+0.045 RJup and Mp = 0.917-0.039+0.040 MJup) compared to previous estimates (Rp = 0.962-0.056+0.047 RJup and Mp = 0.884-0.094+0.088 MJup). The derived transmission spectrum is marginally flat, which is not surprising given the limited precision of the measurements for the planetary radius and the poor spectral resolution of the data. Based on observations collected with the Gamma Ray Burst Optical and Near-Infrared Detector (GROND) at the MPG/ESO-2.2 m telescope at La Silla Observatory, Chile. Programme 088.A-9006.
Free Keywords:planetary systems; planets and satellites: atmospheres; planets and satellites: fundamental parameters; planets and satellites: general; stars: general
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0004-6361 %R 10.1051/0004-6361/201321084
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