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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 693788.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
The sub-stellar birth rate from UKIDSS
Authors:Day-Jones, A. C.; Marocco, F.; Pinfield, D. J.; Zhang, Z. H.; Burningham, B.; Deacon, N.; Ruiz, M. T.; Gallardo, J.; Jones, H. R. A.; Lucas, P. W. L.; Jenkins, J. S.; Gomes, J.; Folkes, S. L.; Clarke, J. R. A.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2013
Title of Journal:Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:1171
End Page:1187
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We present a new sample of mid-L to mid-T dwarfs with effective temperatures of 1100-1700 K selected from the UKIDSS Large Area Survey (LAS) and confirmed with infrared spectra from X-shooter/Very Large Telescope. This effective temperature range is especially sensitive to the formation history of Galactic brown dwarfs and allows us to constrain the form of the sub-stellar birth rate, with sensitivity to differentiate between a flat (stellar like) birth rate and an exponentially declining form. We present the discovery of 63 new L and T dwarfs from the UKIDSS LAS DR7, including the identification of 12 likely unresolved binaries, which form the first complete sub-set from our programme, covering 495 square degrees of sky, complete to J = 18.1. We compare our results for this sub-sample with simulations of differing birth rates for objects of masses 0.10-0.03 M and ages 1-10 Gyr. We find that the more extreme birth rates (e.g. a halo type form) can likely be excluded as the true form of the birth rate. In addition, we find that although there is substantial scatter we find a preference for a mass function, with a power-law index α in the range -1 < α < 0 that is consistent (within the errors) with the studies of late T dwarfs.
Free Keywords:brown dwarfs; stars: low-mass; stars: luminosity function; mass function
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0035-8711 %R 10.1093/mnras/sts685
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