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          Institute: MPI für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation     Collection: Hydrodynamik und Strukturbildung     Display Documents

ID: 702241.0, MPI für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation / Hydrodynamik und Strukturbildung
Heat flux enhancement by regular surface roughness in turbulent thermal convection
Authors:Wagner, Sebastian; Shishkina, Olga
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2014-12-11
Title of Journal:Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Journal Abbrev.:J. Fluid Mech.
Start Page:109
End Page:135
Review Status:Peer-review
Audience:Experts Only
Intended Educational Use:Yes
Abstract / Description:Direct numerical simulations (DNS) of turbulent thermal convection in a box-shaped domain with regular surface roughness at the heated bottom and cooled top surfaces are conducted for Prandtl number Pr=0.786 and Rayleigh numbers Ra between 106 and 108. The surface roughness is introduced by four parallelepiped equidistantly distributed obstacles attached to the bottom plate, and four obstacles located symmetrically at the top plate. By varying Ra and the height and width of the obstacles, we investigate the influence of the regular wall roughness on the turbulent heat transport, measured by the Nusselt number Nu. For fixed Ra, the change in the value of Nu is determined not only by the covering area of the surface, i.e. the obstacle height, but also by the distance between the obstacles. The heat flux enhancement is found to be largest for wide cavities between the obstacles which can be ‘washed out’ by the flow. This is also manifested in an empirical relation, which is based on the DNS data. We further discuss theoretical limiting cases for very wide and very narrow obstacles and combine them into a simple model for the heat flux enhancement due to the wall roughness, without introducing any free parameters. This model predicts well the general trends and the order of magnitude of the heat flux enhancement obtained in the DNS. In the Nu versus Ra scaling, the obstacles work in two ways: for smaller Ra an increase of the scaling exponent compared to the smooth case is found, which is connected to the heat flux entering the cavities from below. For larger Ra the scaling exponent saturates to the one for smooth plates, which can be understood as a full washing-out of the cavities. The latter is also investigated by considering the strength of the mean secondary flow in the cavities and its relation to the wind (i.e. the large-scale circulation), that develops in the core part of the domain. Generally, an increase in the roughness height leads to stronger flows both in the cavities and in the bulk region, while an increase in the width of the obstacles strengthens only the large-scale circulation of the fluid and weakens the secondary flows. An increase of the Rayleigh number always leads to stronger flows, both in the cavities and in the bulk.
Free Keywords:Bénard convection; convection in cavities; turbulent convection
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:Folkert Müller-Hoissen
Affiliations:MPI für Dynamik und Selbstorganisation/Hydrodynamik und Strukturbildung
External Affiliations:German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology, Bunsenstraße 10, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
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