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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents



ID: 710036.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Interstellar silicate analogs for grain-surface reaction experiments: Gas-phase condensation and characterization of the silicate dust grains
Authors:Sabri, T.; Gavilan, L.; Jäger, C.; Lemaire, J. L.; Vidali, G.; Mutschke, H.; Henning, T.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2014
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Volume:780
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:id. 180 (8 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Amorphous, astrophysically relevant silicates were prepared by laser ablation of siliceous targets and subsequent quenching of the evaporated atoms and clusters in a helium/oxygen gas atmosphere. The described gas-phase condensation method can be used to synthesize homogeneous and astrophysically relevant silicates with different compositions ranging from nonstoichiometric magnesium iron silicates to pyroxene- and olivine-type stoichiometry. Analytical tools have been used to characterize the morphology, composition, and spectral properties of the condensates. The nanometer-sized silicate condensates represent a new family of cosmic dust analogs that can generally be used for laboratory studies of cosmic processes related to condensation, processing, and destruction of cosmic dust in different astrophysical environments. The well-characterized silicates comprising amorphous Mg2SiO4 and Fe2SiO4, as well as the corresponding crystalline silicates forsterite and fayalite, produced by thermal annealing of the amorphous condensates, have been used as real grain surfaces for H2 formation experiments. A specifically developed ultra-high vacuum apparatus has been used for the investigation of molecule formation experiments. The results of these molecular formation experiments on differently structured Mg2SiO4 and Fe2SiO4 described in this paper will be the topic of the next paper of this series.
Free Keywords:astrochemistry; dust; extinction; ISM: molecules; molecular processes
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0004-637X %R 10.1088/0004-637X/780/2/180
URL:http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/abs/2014ApJ...780..180S
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