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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 710085.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
X-rays from the redshift 7.1 quasar ULAS J1120+0641
Authors:Page, M. J.; Simpson, C.; Mortlock, D. J.; Warren, S. J.; Hewett, P. C.; Venemans, B. P.; McMahon, R. G.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2014
Title of Journal:Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue / Number:1
Start Page:L91
End Page:L95
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We present X-ray imaging and spectroscopy of the redshift z = 7.084 radio-quiet quasar ULAS J112001.48+064124.3 obtained with Chandra and XMM-Newton. The quasar is detected as a point source with both observatories. The Chandra observation provides a precise position, confirming the association of the X-ray source and the quasar, while a sufficient number of photons is detected in the XMM-Newton observation to yield a meaningful X-ray spectrum. In the XMM-Newton observation, the quasar has a 2-10 keV luminosity of 4.7 ± 0.9 × 1044 erg s-1 and a spectral slope alpha = 1.6^{+0.4}_{-0.3} (where fnu &prop; nu-alpha). The quasar appears to have dimmed in the 15 months between the two observations, with a 2-10 keV luminosity of 1.8^{+1.0}_{-0.7}× 10^{45} erg s-1 during the Chandra observation. We derive optical-to-X-ray spectral slopes alphaOX of 1.76 ± 0.07 and 1.54^{+0.09}_{-0.08} at the times of the XMM-Newton and Chandra observations, respectively, consistent with the range of alphaOX found in other quasars of comparable ultraviolet luminosity. The very soft X-ray spectrum suggests that the quasar is accreting above the Eddington rate, L/L_Edd = 5^{+15}_{-4}, compared to L/L_Edd = 1.2^{+0.6}_{-0.5} derived from the rest-frame ultraviolet. Super-Eddington accretion would help to reduce the discrepancy between the age of the quasar implied by the small size of the ionized near-zone in which it sits (<107 yr) and the characteristic e-folding time (2.5 × 107 yr if L/LEdd = 2). Such super-Eddington accretion would also alleviate the challenging constraints on the seed black hole mass provided that the quasar has been rapidly accreting throughout its history. The remnant of an individual Population III star is a plausible progenitor if an average L/LEdd > 1.46 has been maintained over the quasar's lifetime. L71
Free Keywords:quasars: individual: ULAS J1120+0641
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0035-8711 %R 10.1093/mnrasl/slu022
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