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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents



ID: 710145.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Mean gas opacity for circumstellar environments and equilibrium temperature degeneracy
Authors:Malygin, M. G.; Kuiper, R.; Klahr, H.; Dullemond, C. P.; Henning, T.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2014
Title of Journal:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Volume:568
Start Page:id. A91 (8 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Context. In a molecular cloud dust opacity typically dominates over gas opacity, yet in the vicinities of forming stars dust is depleted, and gas is the sole provider of opacity. In the optically thin circumstellar environments the radiation temperature cannot be assumed to be equal to the gas temperature, hence the two-temperature Planck means are necessary to calculate the radiative equilibrium. <BR /> Aims: By using the two-temperature mean opacity one does obtain the proper equilibrium gas temperature in a circumstellar environment, which is in a chemical equilibrium. A careful consideration of a radiative transfer problem reveals that the equilibrium temperature solution can be degenerate in an optically thin gaseous environment. <BR /> Methods: We compute mean gas opacities based on the publicly available code DFSYNTHE by Kurucz and Castelli. We performed the calculations assuming local thermodynamic equilibrium and an ideal gas equation of state. The values were derived by direct integration of the high-resolution opacity spectrum. <BR /> Results: We produced two sets of gas opacity tables: Rosseland means and two-temperature Planck means. For three metallicities [Me/H] = 0.0, ± 0.3 we covered the parameter range 3.48 <= log Trad [K] <= 4.48 in radiation temperature, 2.8 <= log Tgas [K] <= 6.0 in gas temperature, and -10 <= log P [dyn cm-2] <= 6 in gas pressure. We show that in the optically thin circumstellar environment for a given stellar radiation field and local gas density there are several equilibrium gas temperatures possible. <BR /> Conclusions: We conclude that, in general, equilibrium gas temperature cannot be determined without treating the temperature evolution. The opacity tables are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to <A href="http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr">http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr</A> (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via <A href="http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/568/A91">http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/568/A91</A> as well as via <A href="http://www.mpia.de/~malygin">http://www.mpia.de/~malygin</A>
Free Keywords:opacity; radiative transfer; methods: numerical
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0004-6361 %R 10.1051/0004-6361/201423768
URL:http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/abs/2014A%26A...568A..9...
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