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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 710160.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
The K giant stars from the LAMOST survey data. I. Identification, metallicity, and distance
Authors:Liu, C.; Deng, L.-C.; Carlin, J. L.; Smith, M. C.; Li, J.; Newberg, H. J.; Gao, S.; Yang, F.; Xue, X.-X.; Xu, Y.; Zhang, Y.-Y.; Xin, Y.; Wu, Y.; Jin, G.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2014
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:id. 110 (16 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We present a support vector machine classifier to identify the K giant stars from the LAMOST survey directly using their spectral line features. The completeness of the identification is about 75% for tests based on LAMOST stellar parameters. The contamination in the identified K giant sample is lower than 2.5%. Applying the classification method to about two million LAMOST spectra observed during the pilot survey and the first year survey, we select 298,036 K giant candidates. The metallicities of the sample are also estimated with an uncertainty of 0.13 ~ 0.29 dex based on the equivalent widths of Mgb and iron lines. A Bayesian method is then developed to estimate the posterior probability of the distance for the K giant stars, based on the estimated metallicity and 2MASS photometry. The synthetic isochrone-based distance estimates have been calibrated using 7 globular clusters with a wide range of metallicities. The uncertainty of the estimated distance modulus at K = 11 mag, which is the median brightness of the K giant sample, is about 0.6 mag, corresponding to ~30% in distance. As a scientific verification case, the trailing arm of the Sagittarius stream is clearly identified with the selected K giant sample. Moreover, at about 80 kpc from the Sun, we use our K giant stars to confirm a detection of stream members near the apo-center of the trailing tail. These rediscoveries of the features of the Sagittarius stream illustrate the potential of the LAMOST survey for detecting substructures in the halo of the Milky Way.
Free Keywords:Galaxy: halo; Galaxy: structure; stars: abundances; stars: distances; stars: individual: K giants
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0004-637X %R 10.1088/0004-637X/790/2/110
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