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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 720076.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Microwave continuum emission and dense gas tracers in NGC 3627: Combining Jansky VLA and ALMA observations
Authors:Murphy, E. J.; Dong, D.; Leroy, A. K.; Momjian, E.; Condon, J. J.; Helou, G.; Meier, D. S.; Ott, J.; Schinnerer, E.; Turner, J. L.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2015
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:id. 118 (9 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We present Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array Ka band (33 GHz) and Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) Band 3 (94.5 GHz) continuum images covering the nucleus and two extranuclear star-forming regions within the nearby galaxy NGC 3627 (M 66), observed as part of the Star Formation in Radio Survey. Both images achieve an angular resolution of ≲2″, allowing us to map radio spectral indices and estimate thermal radio fractions at a linear resolution of ≲90 pc. The thermal fraction at 33 GHz reaches unity at and around the peaks of each H ii region; the spectral index between 33 and 94.5 GHz additionally becomes both increasingly negative and positive away from the H ii region peaks, indicating an increase of non-thermal emission from diffusing cosmic-ray electrons and the possible presence of cold dust, respectively. While the ALMA observations were optimized for collecting continuum data, they also detected line emission from the J=1\to 0 transitions of HCN and HCO+. The peaks of dense molecular gas traced by these two spectral lines are spatially offset from the peaks of the continuum emission for both extranuclear star-forming regions, indicating that our data reach an angular resolution at which one can spatially distinguish sites of recent star formation from the sites of future star formation. Finally, we find trends of decreasing dense gas fraction and velocity dispersion with increasing star formation efficiency among the regions observed, indicating that the dynamical state of the dense gas, rather than its abundance, plays a more significant role in the star formation process.
Free Keywords:galaxies: individual: NGC 3627; galaxies: star formation; H ii regions; ISM: molecules; radio continuum: general
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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