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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 720082.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
First detection of thermal radiojets in a sample of proto-brown dwarf candidates
Authors:Morata, O.; Palau, A.; González, R. F.; de Gregorio-Monsalvo, I.; Ribas, Á.; Perger, M.; Bouy, H.; Barrado, D.; Eiroa, C.; Bayo, A.; Huélamo, N.; Morales-Calderón, M.; Rodríguez, L. F.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2015
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Issue / Number:1
Start Page:id. 55 (15 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We observed with the Jansky Very Large Array at 3.6 and 1.3 cm a sample of 11 proto-brown dwarf (BD) candidates in Taurus in a search for thermal radio jets driven by the most embedded BDs. We detected for the first time four thermal radio jets in proto-BD candidates. We compiled data from UKIDSS, 2MASS, Spitzer, WISE, and Herschel to build the spectral energy distribution (SED) of the objects in our sample, which are similar to typical Class I SEDs of young stellar objects (YSOs). The four proto-BD candidates driving thermal radio jets also roughly follow the well-known trend of centimeter luminosity against bolometric luminosity determined for YSOs, assuming they belong to Taurus, although they present some excess of radio emission compared to the known relation for YSOs. Nonetheless, we are able to reproduce the flux densities of the radio jets modeling the centimeter emission of the thermal radio jets using the same type of models applied to YSOs, but with corresponding smaller stellar wind velocities and mass-loss rates, and exploring different possible geometries of the wind or outflow from the star. Moreover, we also find that the modeled mass outflow rates for the bolometric luminosities of our objects agree reasonably well with the trends found between the mass outflow rates and bolometric luminosities of YSOs, which indicates that, despite the “excess” centimeter emission, the intrinsic properties of proto-BDs are consistent with a continuation of those of very low-mass stars to a lower mass range. Overall, our study favors the formation of BDs as a scaled-down version of low-mass stars.
Free Keywords:ISM: individual objects: J041757; J041836; J041847; J041938; ISM: jets and outflows; radio continuum: ISM; stars: formation; stars: protostars
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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