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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 720113.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
X-Shooter medium resolution brown dwarfs library
Authors:Manjavacas, E.; Goldman, B.; Alcala, J. M.; Bonnefoy, M.; Allard, F.; Smart, R. L.; Bejar, V. J. S.; Zapatero-Osorio, M. R.; Henning, T.; Bouy, H.; Harris, H. C.
Place of Publication:Flagstaff
Publisher:Lowell Observatory
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2015
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:} We obtain medium-resolution spectra in the optical (550-1000 nm, R˜5400) and the near-infrared (1000-2500 nm, R˜3300) using the Wideband ultraviolet-infrared single target spectrograph (X-Shooter) at the Very Large Telescope (VLT). Our sample is compound of 22 brown dwarfs binary candidates with spectral types between L1 and T7. We aim to empirically confirm or refute the binarity of our candidates, comparing them to spectral templates and to other brown dwarfs in a color-magnitude diagram, for targets that have published parallaxes. } We use X-shooter at the VLT to obtain medium resolution spectra of the targets. We develop a slightly different analysis depending of the type of binaries we search for. To find L plus T brown dwarf binaries candidates, we comput spectral indices to select L-brown dwarfs plus T-brown dwarf binaries, and then we compare them to single and composite template spectra. To find potential L plus L or T plus T brown dwarf binaries, we first simulate their spectra creating synthetic binaries using combination of single template spectra. Then we compare them to our set of spectral libraries and composite of them to test if our method is able to find these binaries. } Using spectral indices, we select four possible candidates to be combination of L plus T brown dwarfs: SIMP 0136 662+0933473, 2MASSI J0423485-041403 (T0, known binary), DENIS-P J0255.0-4700 and 2MASS J13411160-3052505 We compare these candidates to single brown dwarf template spectra and combinations of them, and we select the best matches. All candidates beside SIMP 0136 662+0933473 have decent matches to composite of two single template spectra. DENIS-P J0255.0-4700 have also good agreements to several late L and early T single template spectra. To find L plus L or T plus T brown dwarfs candidates, test the comparison to templates method use before to find L plus T brown dwarf binaries. The test consist on finding synthetic L plus L and T plus T binaries by comparing with spectral templates. We conclude that we cannot find L plus L and T plus T binaries using comparing to single and composite spectral templates, because the main difference between different L or T spectral types is just the spectral energy distribution.} Optical and near infrared spectra report in this paper will serve as templates for future studies in any of these wavelengths. In the near future, Gaia satellite will release high precision parallaxes of more than one billion of objects in the Milky Way, including hundred of brown dwarfs. These parallaxes will allow us to detect the overluminosity of brown dwarf binaries.}
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Other
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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