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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 720159.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Indications of M-dwarf deficits in the halo and thick disk of the Galaxy
Authors:Konishi, M.; Konishi, M.; Shibai, H.; Sumi, T.; Fukagawa, M.; Matsuo, T.; Samland, M. S.; Yamamoto, K.; Sudo, J.; Itoh, Y.; Arimoto, N.; Kajisawa, M.; Abe, L.; Brandner, W.; Brandt, T. D.; Carson, J.; Currie, T.; Egner, S. E.; Feldt, M.; Goto, M.; Grady, C. A.; Guyon, O.; Hashimoto, J.; Hayano, Y.; Hayashi, M.; Hayashi, S. S.; Henning, T.; Hodapp, K. W.; Ishii, M.; Iye, M.; Janson, M.; Kandori, R.; Knapp, G. R.; Kudo, T.; Kusakabe, N.; Kuzuhara, M.; Kwon, J.; McElwain, M. W.; Miyama, S.; Morino, J.-I.; Moro-Martín, A.; Nishimura, T.; Pyo, T.-S.; Serabyn, E.; Suenaga, T.; Suto, H.; Suzuki, R.; Takahashi, Y. H.; Takami, H.; Takato, N.; Terada, H.; Thalmann, C.; Tomono, D.; Turner, E. L.; Usuda, T.; Watanabe, M.; Wisniewski, J. P.; Yamada, T.; Tamura, M.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2015
Title of Journal:Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Issue / Number:1
Start Page:id.113 (13 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We compared the number of faint stars detected in deep survey fields with the current stellar distribution model of the Galaxy and found that the detected number in the H band is significantly smaller than the predicted number. This indicates that M-dwarfs, the major component, are fewer in the halo and the thick disk. We used archived data of several surveys in both the north and south field of GOODS (Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey), MODS (MOIRCS Deep Survey) in GOODS-N, and ERS (Early Release Science) and CANDELS (Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey) in GOODS-S. The number density of M-dwarfs in the halo has to be 20% ± 13% relative to that in the solar vicinity, in order for the detected number of stars fainter than 20.5 mag in the H band to match with the predicted value from the model. In the thick disk, the number density of M-dwarfs must be reduced (52% ± 13%) or the scale height must be decreased (˜ 600 pc). Alternatively, overall fractions of the halo and thick disks can be significantly reduced to achieve the same effect, because our sample mainly consists of faint M-dwarfs. Our results imply that the M-dwarf population in regions distant from the Galactic plane is significantly smaller than previously thought. We then discussed the implications this has on the suitability of the model predictions for the prediction of non-companion faint stars in direct imaging extrasolar planet surveys by using the best-fitting number densities.
Free Keywords:Galaxy: disk; Galaxy: halo; stars: imaging; stars: low-mass
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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