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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 731459.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Kinematics in the galactic bulge with APOGEE. II. High-order kinematic moments and comparison to extragalactic bar diagnostics
Authors:Zasowski, G.; Ness, M. K.; García Pérez, A. E.; Martinez-Valpuesta, I.; Johnson, J. A.; Majewski, S. R.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2016
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:id. 132 (14 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Much of the inner Milky Way’s (MW) global rotation and velocity dispersion patterns can be reproduced by models of secularly evolved, bar-dominated bulges. More sophisticated constraints, including the higher moments of the line-of-sight velocity distributions (LOSVDs) and limits on the chemodynamical substructure, are critical for interpreting observations of the unresolved inner regions of extragalactic systems and for placing the MW in context with other galaxies. Here, we use SDSS-APOGEE data to develop these constraints, by presenting the first maps of the skewness and kurtosis of the LOSVDs of metal-rich and metal-poor inner MW stars (divided at [Fe/H] = -0.4), and comparing the observed patterns to those that are seen both in N-body models and in extragalactic bars. Despite closely matching the mean velocity and dispersion, the models do not reproduce the observed skewness patterns of the LOSVDs in different ways, which demonstrates that our understanding of the detailed orbital structure of the inner MW remains an important regime for improvement. We find evidence in the MW of the skewness-velocity correlation that is used as a diagnostic of extragalactic bars/bulges. This correlation appears in metal-rich stars only, providing further evidence for different evolutionary histories of chemically differentiated populations. We connect these skewness measurements to previous work on high-velocity “peaks” in the inner Galaxy, confirming the presence of that phenomenon, and we quantify the cylindrical rotation of the inner Galaxy, finding that the latitude-independent rotation vanishes outside l ˜ 7°. Finally, we evaluate the MW data in the light of selected extragalactic bar diagnostics and discuss the progress and challenges in using the MW as a resolved analog of unresolved stellar populations.
Free Keywords:galaxies: bulges; Galaxy: bulge; Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics; Galaxy: stellar content; stars: kinematics and dynamics
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0004-637X %R 10.3847/0004-637X/832/2/132
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