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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 731509.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
First light of the VLT planet finder SPHERE. II. The physical properties and the architecture of the young systems PZ Telescopii and HD 1160 revisited
Authors:Maire, A. -. L.; Bonnefoy, M.; Ginski, C.; Vigan, A.; Messina, S.; Mesa, D.; Galicher, R.; Gratton, R.; Desidera, S.; Kopytova, T. G.; Millward, M.; Thalmann, C.; Claudi, R. U.; Ehrenreich, D.; Zurlo, A.; Chauvin, G.; Antichi, J.; Baruffolo, A.; Bazzon, A.; Beuzit, J. -. L.; Blanchard, P.; Boccaletti, A.; de Boer, J.; Carle, M.; Cascone, E.; Costille, A.; De Caprio, V.; Delboulbé, A.; Dohlen, K.; Dominik, C.; Feldt, M.; Fusco, T.; Girard, J. H.; Giro, E.; Gisler, D.; Gluck, L.; Gry, C.; Henning, T.; Hubin, N.; Hugot, E.; Jaquet, M.; Kasper, M.; Lagrange, A. -. M.; Langlois, M.; Le Mignant, D.; Llored, M.; Madec, F.; Martinez, P.; Mawet, D.; Milli, J.; Möller-Nilsson, O.; Mouillet, D.; Moulin, T.; Moutou, C.; Origné, A.; Pavlov, A.; Petit, C.; Pragt, J.; Puget, P.; Ramos, J.; Rochat, S.; Roelfsema, R.; Salasnich, B.; Sauvage, J. -. F.; Schmid, H. M.; Turatto, M.; Udry, S.; Vakili, F.; Wahhaj, Z.; Weber, L.; Wildi, F.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2016
Title of Journal:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Start Page:id. A56 (24 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Context. The young systemsPZ Tel and HD 1160, hosting known low-mass companions, were observed during the commissioning of the new planet finder of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) SPHERE with several imaging and spectroscopic modes. <BR /> Aims: We aim to refine the physical properties and architecture of both systems. <BR /> Methods: We use SPHERE commissioning data and dedicated Rapid Eye Mount (REM) observations, as well as literature and unpublished data from VLT/SINFONI, VLT/NaCo, Gemini/NICI, and Keck/NIRC2. <BR /> Results: We derive new photometry and confirm the short-term (P = 0.94 d) photometric variability of the star PZ Tel A with values of 0.14 and 0.06 mag at optical and near-infrared wavelengths, respectively. We note from the comparison to literature data spanning 38 yr that the star also exhibits a long-term variability trend with a brightening of ~0.25 mag. The 0.63-3.8 μm spectral energy distribution of PZ Tel B (separation ~25 AU) allows us to revise its physical characteristics: spectral type M7 ± 1, Teff = 2700 ± 100 K, log(g) < 4.5 dex, luminosity log(L/L) = -2.51 ± 0.10 dex, and mass 38-72 MJ from "hot-start" evolutionary models combining the ranges of the temperature and luminosity estimates. The 1-3.8 μm SED of HD 1160 B (~85 au) suggests a massive brown dwarf or a low-mass star with spectral type M6.0, Teff = 3000 ± 100 K, subsolar metallicity [M/H] = -0.5-0.0 dex, luminosity log(L/L) = -2.81 ± 0.10 dex, and mass 39-166 MJ. The physical properties derived for HD 1160 C (~560 au) from KsL'-band photometry are consistent with the discovery study. The orbital study of PZ Tel B confirms its deceleration and the high eccentricity of its orbit (e > 0.66). For eccentricities below 0.9, the inclination, longitude of the ascending node, and time of periastron passage are well constrained. In particular, both star and companion inclinations are compatible with a system seen edge-on. Based on "hot-start" evolutionary models, we reject other brown dwarf candidates outside 0.25'' for both systems, and giant planet companions outside 0.5'' that are more massive than 3 MJ for the PZ Tel system. We also show that K1-K2 color can be used along with YJH low-resolution spectra to identify young L-type companions, provided high photometric accuracy (≤0.05 mag) is achieved. <BR /> Conclusions: SPHERE opens new horizons in the study of young brown dwarfs and giant exoplanets using direct imaging thanks to high-contrast imaging capabilities at optical (0.5-0.9 μm) and near-infrared (0.95-2.3 μm) wavelengths, as well as high signal-to-noise spectroscopy in the near-infrared domain (0.95-2.3 μm) from low resolutions (R ~ 30-50) to medium resolutions (R ~ 350). Based on data collected at the European Southern Observatory, Chile, during the commissioning of the SPHERE instrument and ESO programs 085.C-0277, 087.C-0109, 087.C-0535, and 060.A-9026.
Free Keywords:brown dwarfs; stars: individual: PZ Telescopii; stars: individual: HD 1160; techniques: high angular resolution; techniques: image processing; techniques: spectroscopic
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0004-6361 %R 10.1051/0004-6361/201526594
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