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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 731704.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Why are rapidly rotating M dwarfs in the Pleiades so (Infra)red? New period measurements confirm rotation-dependent color offsets from the cluster sequence
Authors:Covey, K. R.; Agüeros, M. A.; Law, N. M.; Liu, J.; Ahmadi, A.; Laher, R.; Levitan, D.; Sesar, B.; Surace, J.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2016
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal
Issue / Number:2
Start Page:id. 81 (26 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Stellar rotation periods (P rot) measured in open clusters have proved to be extremely useful for studying stars’ angular momentum content and rotationally driven magnetic activity, which are both age- and mass-dependent processes. While P rot measurements have been obtained for hundreds of solar-mass members of the Pleiades, measurements exist for only a few low-mass (<0.5 M ) members of this key laboratory for stellar evolution theory. To fill this gap, we report P rot for 132 low-mass Pleiades members (including nearly 100 with M ≤ 0.45 M ), measured from photometric monitoring of the cluster conducted by the Palomar Transient Factory in late 2011 and early 2012. These periods extend the portrait of stellar rotation at 125 Myr to the lowest-mass stars and re-establish the Pleiades as a key benchmark for models of the transport and evolution of stellar angular momentum. Combining our new P rot with precise BVIJHK photometry reported by Stauffer et al. and Kamai et al., we investigate known anomalies in the photometric properties of K and M Pleiades members. We confirm the correlation detected by Kamai et al. between a star's P rot and position relative to the main sequence in the cluster's color–magnitude diagram. We find that rapid rotators have redder (V ‑ K) colors than slower rotators at the same V, indicating that rapid and slow rotators have different binary frequencies and/or photospheric properties. We find no difference in the photometric amplitudes of rapid and slow rotators, indicating that asymmetries in the longitudinal distribution of starspots do not scale grossly with rotation rate.
Free Keywords:open clusters and associations: individual: M44; Pleiades; stars: late-type; stars: low-mass; stars: rotation; starspots
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0004-637X %R 10.3847/0004-637X/822/2/81
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