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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 731797.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Radial gas motions in The H I Nearby Galaxy Survey (THINGS)
Authors:Schmidt, T. M.; Bigiel, F.; Klessen, R. S.; de Blok, W. J. G.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2016
Title of Journal:Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue / Number:3
Start Page:2642
End Page:2664
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:The study of 21 cm line observations of atomic hydrogen allows detailed insight into the kinematics of spiral galaxies. We use sensitive high-resolution Very Large Array data from The H I Nearby Galaxy Survey (THINGS) to search for radial gas flows primarily in the outer parts (up to 3 × r25) of 10 nearby spiral galaxies. Inflows are expected to replenish the gas reservoir and fuel star formation under the assumption that galaxies evolve approximately in steady state. We carry out a detailed investigation of existing tilted ring fitting schemes and discover systematics that can hamper their ability to detect signatures of radial flows. We develop a new Fourier decomposition scheme that fits for rotational and radial velocities and simultaneously determines position angle and inclination as a function of radius. Using synthetic velocity fields we show that our novel fitting scheme is less prone to such systematic errors and that it is well suited to detect radial inflows in discs. We apply our fitting scheme to 10 THINGS galaxies and find clear indications of, at least partly previously unidentified, radial gas flows, in particular for NGC 2403 and NGC 3198 and to a lesser degree for NGC 7331, NGC 2903 and NGC 6946. The mass flow rates are of the same order but usually larger than the star formation rates. At least for these galaxies a scenario in which continuous mass accretion feeds star formation seems plausible. The other galaxies show a more complicated picture with either no clear inflow, outward motions or complex kinematic signatures.
Free Keywords:galaxies: kinematics and dynamics; galaxies: structure; radio lines: galaxies
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
Identifiers:ISSN:0035-8711 %R 10.1093/mnras/stw011
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