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          Institute: MPI für Entwicklungsbiologie     Collection: Abteilung 4 - Evolutionary Biology (R. Sommer)     Display Documents



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ID: 733032.0, MPI für Entwicklungsbiologie / Abteilung 4 - Evolutionary Biology (R. Sommer)
Germline organization in Strongyloides nematodes reveals alternative differentiation and regulation mechanisms
Authors:Kulkarni, A.; Lightfoot, J. W.; Streit, A.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2016-09
Title of Journal:Chromosoma
Volume:125
Issue / Number:4
Start Page:725
End Page:745
Review Status:Internal review
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:Nematodes of the genus Strongyloides are important parasites of vertebrates including man. Currently, little is known about their germline organization or reproductive biology and how this influences their parasitic life strategies. Here, we analyze the structure of the germline in several Strongyloides and closely related species and uncover striking differences in the development, germline organization, and fluid dynamics compared to the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. With a focus on Strongyloides ratti, we reveal that the proliferation of germ cells is restricted to early and mid-larval development, thus limiting the number of progeny. In order to understand key germline events (specifically germ cell progression and the transcriptional status of the germline), we monitored conserved histone modifications, in particular H3Pser10 and H3K4me3. The evolutionary significance of these events is subsequently highlighted through comparisons with six other nematode species, revealing underlying complexities and variations in the development of the germline among nematodes.
Free Keywords:germline; nematodes; strongyloides; histone modification; germline chromatin; caenorhabditis-elegans; parastrongyloides-trichosuri; dosage compensation; sex determination; chromatin diminution; genus strongyloides; x-chromosome; histone h3; c-elegans; ratti
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:MPI für Entwickungsbiologie
Affiliations:MPI für Entwicklungsbiologie/Abteilung 4 - Evolutionsbiologie (Ralf J. Sommer)
External Affiliations:%G English
Identifiers:ISSN:0009-5915 %R 10.1007/s00412-015-0562-5 [ID No:1]
URL:<Go to ISI>://WOS:000383464800012 [ID No:2]
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