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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 742371.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Milliarcsecond Imaging of the radio emission from the quasar with the most massive black hole at reionization
Authors:Wang, R.; Momjian, E.; Carilli, C. L.; Wu, X.-B.; Fan, X.; Walter, F.; Strauss, M. A.; Wang, F.; Jiang, L.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2017
Title of Journal:The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Start Page:id. L20 (4 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:We report Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations of the 1.5 GHz radio continuum emission of the z = 6.326 quasar SDSS J010013.02+280225.8 (hereafter J0100+2802). J0100+2802 is by far the most optically luminous and is a radio-quiet quasar with the most massive black hole known at z > 6. The VLBA observations have a synthesized beam size of 12.10 mas ×5.36 mas (FWHM), and detected the radio continuum emission from this object with a peak surface brightness of 64.6 ± 9.0 μJy beam‑1 and a total flux density of 88 ± 19 μJy. The position of the radio peak is consistent with that from SDSS in the optical and Chandra in the X-ray. The radio source is marginally resolved by the VLBA observations. A 2D Gaussian fit to the image constrains the source size to (7.1 ± 3.5) mas × (3.1 ± 1.7) mas. This corresponds to a physical scale of (40 ± 20) pc × (18 ± 10) pc. We estimate the intrinsic brightness temperature of the VLBA source to be T B = (1.6 ± 1.2) × 107 K. This is significantly higher than the maximum value in normal star-forming galaxies, indicating an active galactic nucleus (AGN) origin for the radio continuum emission. However, it is also significantly lower than the brightness temperatures found in highest-redshift radio-loud quasars. J0100+2802 provides a unique example for studying the radio activity in optically luminous and radio-quiet AGNs in the early universe. Further observations at multiple radio frequencies will accurately measure the spectral index and address the dominant radiation mechanism of the radio emission.
Free Keywords:galaxies: active; galaxies: high-redshift; quasars: individual: SDSS J010013.02+280225.8; radio continuum: galaxies
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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