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          Institute: MPI für Astronomie     Collection: Publikationen_mpia     Display Documents

ID: 742402.0, MPI für Astronomie / Publikationen_mpia
Three planets around HD 27894. A close-in pair with a 2:1 period ratio and an eccentric Jovian planet at 5.4 AU
Authors:Trifonov, T.; Kürster, M.; Zechmeister, M.; Zakhozhay, O. V.; Reffert, S.; Lee, M. H.; Rodler, F.; Vogt, S. S.; Brems, S. S.
Date of Publication (YYYY-MM-DD):2017
Title of Journal:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Start Page:id. L8 (5 pp)
Audience:Not Specified
Abstract / Description:<BR /> Aims: Our new program with HARPS aims to detect mean motion resonant planetary systems around stars which were previously reported to have a single bona fide planet, often based only on sparse radial velocity data. <BR /> Methods: Archival and new HARPS radial velocities for the K2V star HD 27894 were combined and fitted with a three-planet self-consistent dynamical model. The best-fit orbit was tested for long-term stability. <BR /> Results: We find clear evidence that HD 27894 is hosting at least three massive planets. In addition to the already known Jovian planet with a period Pb≈ 18 days we discover a Saturn-mass planet with Pc≈ 36 days, likely in a 2:1 mean motion resonance with the first planet, and a cold massive planet (≈5.3 MJup) with a period Pd ≈ 5170 days on a moderately eccentric orbit (ed = 0.39). <BR /> Conclusions: HD 27894 is hosting a massive, eccentric giant planet orbiting around a tightly packed inner pair of massive planets likely involved in an asymmetric 2:1 mean motion resonance. HD 27894 may be an important milestone for probing planetary formation and evolution scenarios. Based on observations collected at the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere under ESO programmes 072.C-0488, 192.C-0852 and 097.C-0090.
Free Keywords:techniques: radial velocities; planetary systems; planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability
External Publication Status:published
Document Type:Article
Communicated by:N. N.
Affiliations:MPI für Astronomie
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